Warren P . Bishop

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In humans, the metabolism of a number of tertiary amine-containing pharmacological agents to quaternary ammonium-linked glucuronides, catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT), represents a unique and important metabolic pathway for these compounds. A full-length cDNA-encoding human UGT1.4 (the so-called "minor" human bilirubin UGT) was inserted into(More)
Rat and human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1.1 share > 70% identity in their deduced primary amino acid sequences. We have previously shown that rat UGT1.1, stably expressed in human embryonic kidney 293 cells, catalyzes the glucuronidation of bilirubin and the mixed opioid agonist/antagonist buprenorphine with high efficiency. The present study was(More)
To assess the utility of various indicators of biotin status, marginal biotin deficiency was induced experimentally in normal adults. Ten subjects consumed a diet that contained enough avidin to bind seven times more biotin than that in the diet. Blood and 24-h urine samples were collected before the diet began and twice weekly thereafter for 20 d. The(More)
Intestinal mucosa serves as an important barrier that may be disrupted by inflammation. A complex system of cellular and humoral factors, including epidermal growth factor (EGF), maintains the integrity of this barrier. We hypothesized that peroxynitrite, generated in inflamed intestinal epithelium, can alter the EGF receptor function by nitrating tyrosine(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess safety, efficacy, and acceptance of polyethylene glycol 3350 without electrolytes (PEG) for bowel preparation for colonoscopy in children. Study design In a prospective study, 46 children (mean age, 11.2 years; range, 2.8-17.8) were given PEG at a dose of 1.5 g/kg/day for 4 days before colonoscopy. Patients were allowed to mix PEG in the(More)
OBJECTIVES Knowledge of the length between the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) and the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) in pediatric patients is essential for intraluminal impedance and dual pH probe recordings. METHODS We measured the vertical distance between the true vocal cords (TVCs) and the LES in chest x-rays (CXRs) of 118 children (ages, 6 weeks(More)
We examined the effect of interleukin-1 (IL-1) on the rate of proliferation of the human colon carcinoma Caco-2 and characterized the human intestinal epithelial cell IL-1 receptor (IL-1R). IL-1 dose dependently increased tritiated thymidine uptake in confluent Caco-2 monolayers fed complete growth medium. An anti-IL-1 beta completely blocked the increase(More)
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic disorder characterized by unresolving liver inflammation and has a fluctuating clinical course. Standard therapy has been corticosteroids given daily, alone or in combination with azathioprine (AZA). The potential for significant side effects from prolonged corticosteroid use remains high. To date, no pediatric(More)
The epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor is an important mediator of intestinal epithelial cell proliferation. We studied cell-surface localization of this molecule in Caco-2 cells and characterized cellular responses to apical or basolateral EGF stimulation. 125I-labeled EGF bound almost exclusively to a 180-kDa molecule, existing as a single(More)