Warren Jack Pledger

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Autophagy is an evolutionarily conserved 'self-eating' process. Although the genes essential for autophagy (named Atg) have been identified in yeast, the molecular mechanism of how Atg proteins control autophagosome formation in mammalian cells remains to be elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that Bif-1 (also known as Endophilin B1) interacts with Beclin 1(More)
Normal cellular functions of hamartin and tuberin, encoded by the TSC1 and TSC2 tumor suppressor genes, are closely related to their direct interactions. However, the regulation of the hamartin-tuberin complex in the context of the physiologic role as tumor suppressor genes has not been documented. Here we show that insulin or insulin growth factor (IGF) 1(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) proteins perform key roles in mediating signaling by cytokines and growth factors, including platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF). In addition, Src family kinases activate STAT signaling and are required for PDGF-induced mitogenesis in normal cells. One STAT family member, Stat3, has been shown to(More)
The tumor cell environment may influence drug response through interactions with the extracellular matrix (ECM). We recently reported that adhesion of myeloma cells to fibronectin (FN) via beta1 integrins is associated with a cell adhesion mediated drug resistance (CAM-DR). Activation of beta1 integrins is known to influence both apoptosis and cell growth.(More)
Quiescent BALB/c 3T3 cells exposed briefly to a platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) become "competent" to replicate their DNA but do not "progress" into S phase unless incubated with growth factors contained in platelet-poor plasma. Plasma from hypophysectomized rats is deficient in progression activity; it does not stimulate PDGF-treated competent cells(More)
Nervous system development involves a coordinated series of events, including regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation by specific extracellular factors. S100 beta is a neurotrophic protein that has been implicated in regulation of cellular proliferation, but direct evidence was lacking. In this report, nanomolar concentrations of S100 beta are(More)
While the activated viral Src oncoprotein, v-Src, induces uncontrolled cell growth, the mechanisms underlying cell cycle deregulation by v-Src have not been fully defined. Previous studies demonstrated that v-Src induces constitutively active STAT3 signaling that is required for cell transformation and recent data have implicated STAT3 in the(More)
Sarcomas are rare malignant mesenchymal tumors for which there are limited treatment options. One potential molecular target for sarcoma treatment is the Src tyrosine kinase. Dasatinib (BMS-354825), a small-molecule inhibitor of Src kinase activity, is a promising cancer therapeutic agent with p.o. bioavailability. Dasatinib exhibits antitumor effects in(More)
Stimulation of quiescent Balb/c 3T3 fibroblasts into S phase requires the synergistic action of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) and progression factors found in platelet-poor plasma (PPP). Traverse of the G1/S phase boundary and the initiation of DNA replication require functional cyclin E-cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) 2 and cyclin A-Cdk2 complexes;(More)
We have investigated the regulation of p27kip1, a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor, in BALB/c 3T3 cells during growth factor-stimulated transition from quiescence (G0) to a proliferative (G1) state. The level of p27kip1 protein falls dramatically after mitogenic stimulation and is accompanied by a decrease in cyclin E associated p27kip1, as well as a(More)