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To determine if there is a differential effect of hyperthermia on AKR murine leukemia and AKR normal bone marrow cells incubated in vitro, the fractional survival of leukemic and of normal cells with proliferative potential as a function of heating exposure was estimated by evaluating spleen colony formation. Normal bone marrow colony-forming units were(More)
Liposomes can be designed to release an entrapped drug preferentially at temperatures attainable by mild local hyperthermia. In a test system in vitro, protein synthesis by Escherichia coli is inhibited and killing of the cells is enhanced by heating neomycin-containing liposomes to their phase transition temperature to maximize drug release. In the(More)
A Phase I study of whole-body hyperthermia (WBH) (52 treatments/12 patients) was completed with no significant clinical toxicity. The study incorporated a thermal dose escalation scheme from 39.5 degrees-41.8 degrees C for up to 151 min. A radiant-heat device was utilized for producing WBH. During WBH, patients were sedated; endotracheal intubation was not(More)
Hyperthermic sensitivities of Escherichia coli B/r and Bs-1 were determined for lag-, midlog-, and stationary-phase cells at 47, 48, and 49 degrees C. In both strains midlog-phase cells were strikingly more heat sensitive (100-fold greater killing after 4 h at 48 degrees C) than stationary-phase cells, with intermediate sensitivity for lag-phase cells. In(More)
We have demonstrated a positive correlation between membrane microviscosity and the temperature required to kill E. coli. Batches of cells with differing unsaturated fatty acid (u.f.a.) compositions were prepared from the u.f.a.-requiring E. coli K12 mutant K1060. The membrane microviscosity of these cells is estimated from the extent of fluorescence(More)
Lidocaine infusion of a CA755 mammary adenocarcinoma growing in the hind leg of BDF1 mice results in a significant increase in the animals' survival when combined with heating for 1 hour in a 43.5 degrees C water bath. This ability of local anesthetics to prolong survival following hyperthermia is consistent with the hypothesis that increases in membrane(More)
After review of the published clinical experience with systemic hypothermia, we concluded that a simple system which controls radiant heat balance to supplement metabolic heat might provide several advantages, including: (a) decreased morbidity; (b) elimination of the requirement for general anesthesia; (c) improved patient comfort; (d) favorable(More)
The influence of membrane fluidity on hyperthermic cell killing has been investigated in ascites tumor cells. Membrane lipid composition of P388 ascites tumor cells were modified by feeding host animals with diets containing either unsaturated fatty acids (UFA) or saturated fatty acids (SFA). Both kinds of ascites were heat treated in vitro at 37, 42 or(More)