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BACKGROUND An appropriate measure of performance is needed to identify anesthetic depth indicators that are promising for use in clinical monitoring. To avoid misleading results, the measure must take into account both desired indicator performance and the nature of available performance data. Ideally, anesthetic depth indicator value should correlate(More)
BACKGROUND Suppression of response to command commonly indicates unconsciousness and generally occurs at anesthetic concentrations that suppress or eliminate memory formation. The authors sought midlatency auditory evoked potential indices that successfully differentiated wakeful responsiveness and unconsciousness. METHODS The authors correlated(More)
OBJECTIVE An important aspect of assessing anesthetic depth is determining whether a patient will remember events during surgery. We looked for a clinical sign that would indicate a patient's potential for memory formation during emergence from anesthesia. A clinical sign indicating memory potential could be a useful endpoint for measuring the performance(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to evaluate the performance of the EEG as an indicator of anesthetic depth by measuring EEG prediction of movement response to surgical stimuli. METHODS While using 5 different combinations of isoflurane, 70% N2O, and fentanyl, we measured the EEG of 246 patients during pelvic laparoscopy and observed their movement responses(More)
OBJECTIVE After finding that craniofacial EMG preceding a stimulus was a poor predictor of movement response to that stimulus, we evaluated an alternative relation between EMG and movement: the difference in anesthetic depth between the endpoint of EMG responsiveness to a stimulus and endpoint of movement responsiveness to that stimulus. We expressed this(More)
This study investigated the effect of monitor height on surgeons' workload and performance during simulated minimally invasive surgery (MIS). Fourteen volunteer subjects (7 experienced, 7 inexperienced) performed a cutting task in a training box at a standard MIS station with the video monitor positioned in random order at, below (-35 degrees), and above(More)
OBJECTIVE In a previous study of patients emerging from anesthesia following surgery, we found that a brief wakeful response to command of an eye opening or single hand squeeze or count was not associated with memory formation, while the response of four hand squeezes or counts was associated with memory. We wanted to determine the anesthetic requirements(More)
The visual and physical interface imposed on the surgeon by video-endoscopic surgery (VES) increases the surgeon's mental workload. Ergonomic studies are needed to develop ways to reduce this workload. We used virtual instrumentation to devise a portable ergonomic workstation to compare the surgeon's mental workloads during simulated open surgery and VES.(More)
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