Learn More
While the process of IMRT planning involves optimization of the dose distribution, the procedure for selecting the beam inputs for this process continues to be largely trial-and-error. We have developed an integer programming (IP) optimization method to optimize beam orientation using mean organ-at-risk (MOD) data from single-beam plans. Two test cases were(More)
Significant differences between planned and delivered treatments may occur due to respiration-induced tumour motion, leading to underdosing of parts of the tumour and overdosing of parts of the surrounding critical structures. Existing methods proposed to counter tumour motion include breath-holds, gating and MLC-based tracking. Breath-holds and gating(More)
PURPOSE Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) allows greater dose conformity to the tumor target. However, IMRT, especially static delivery, usually requires more time to deliver a dose fraction than conventional external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). The purpose of this work is to explore the potential impact of such prolonged fraction delivery times on(More)
BACKGROUND. Respiration-induced tumor motion compensation using a treatment couch requires moving the patient at non-trivial speeds. The purpose of this work was to investigate motion sickness and stability of the patient's external surface due to a moving couch with respiration-comparable velocities and accelerations. MATERIAL AND METHODS. A couch was(More)
Conventional treatment planning for interstitial prostate brachytherapy is generally a 'trial and error' process in which improved treatment plans are generated by iteratively changing, via expert judgement, the configuration of sources within the target volume in order to achieve a satisfactory dose distribution. We have utilized linear mixed-integer(More)
PURPOSE To extract and study comprehensive spatial-temporal (18)F-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) features for the prediction of pathologic tumor response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in esophageal cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS Twenty patients with esophageal cancer were treated with trimodal(More)
PURPOSE To determine the influence of target-volume expansion on the reduction in small-bowel dose achieved with use of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) vs. standard conformal treatment of the pelvis after hysterectomy, and to investigate the influence of patient body habitus on the normal-tissue sparing achieved with use of IMRT. METHODS AND(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this work was to implement and validate a deformable CT to cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) image registration method in head-and-neck cancer to eventually facilitate automatic target delineation on CBCT. METHODS Twelve head-and-neck cancer patients underwent a planning CT and weekly CBCT during the 5-7 week treatment period.(More)
PURPOSE To determine how frequently (1) tumor motion and (2) the spatial relationship between tumor and respiratory surrogate markers change during a treatment fraction in lung and pancreas cancer patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS A Cyberknife Synchrony system radiographically localized the tumor and simultaneously tracked three respiratory surrogate(More)
Conventional radiotherapy is planned using free-breathing computed tomography (CT), ignoring the motion and deformation of the anatomy from respiration. New breath-hold-synchronized, gated, and four-dimensional (4D) CT acquisition strategies are enabling radiotherapy planning utilizing a set of CT scans belonging to different phases of the breathing cycle.(More)