Warren D. D'Souza

Learn More
Eutrophication of surface waters and hypoxia in bottom waters has been increasing in many coastal areas, leading to very large depletions of marine life in the affected regions. These areas of high surface productivity and low bottom-water oxygen concentration are caused by increasing runoff of nutrients from land. Although the local ecological and(More)
Treatment planning involves selecting delivery parameters that distribute the dose to nontumor tissue in such a way as to minimize the risk of complications. This work studied the relationship between nontumor integral dose (NTID), the fractional energy deposited in nontumor tissue, and a variety of delivery parameters for three clinical cases: nasopharynx,(More)
While the process of IMRT planning involves optimization of the dose distribution, the procedure for selecting the beam inputs for this process continues to be largely trial-and-error. We have developed an integer programming (IP) optimization method to optimize beam orientation using mean organ-at-risk (MOD) data from single-beam plans. Two test cases were(More)
Conventional radiotherapy is planned using free-breathing computed tomography (CT), ignoring the motion and deformation of the anatomy from respiration. New breath-hold-synchronized, gated, and four-dimensional (4D) CT acquisition strategies are enabling radiotherapy planning utilizing a set of CT scans belonging to different phases of the breathing cycle.(More)
PURPOSE To extract and study comprehensive spatial-temporal (18)F-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) features for the prediction of pathologic tumor response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in esophageal cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS Twenty patients with esophageal cancer were treated with trimodal(More)
Significant differences between planned and delivered treatments may occur due to respiration-induced tumour motion, leading to underdosing of parts of the tumour and overdosing of parts of the surrounding critical structures. Existing methods proposed to counter tumour motion include breath-holds, gating and MLC-based tracking. Breath-holds and gating(More)
Materials that simultaneously mimic soft tissue in vivo for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound (US), and computed tomography (CT) for use in a prostate phantom have been developed. Prostate and muscle mimicking materials contain water, agarose, lipid particles, protein, Cu++, EDTA, glass beads, and thimerosal (preservative). Fat was mimicked with(More)
Conventional treatment planning for interstitial prostate brachytherapy is generally a 'trial and error' process in which improved treatment plans are generated by iteratively changing, via expert judgement, the configuration of sources within the target volume in order to achieve a satisfactory dose distribution. We have utilized linear mixed-integer(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate retrospectively the utility of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in reducing the volume of normal tissues receiving radiation at varying dose levels when the female pelvis after hysterectomy is treated to doses of 50.4 Gy and 54 Gy. METHODS AND MATERIALS Computed tomography scans from 10 patients who had previously undergone(More)
PURPOSE In conventional treatment planning for permanent I-125 prostate implants, it has been suggested that lower seed activities result in more homogeneous dose distributions and also less overdose of the critical structures. We sought to determine if this hypothesis holds by analyzing treatment plans constructed using an automated optimized approach. (More)