Learn More
Treatment planning involves selecting delivery parameters that distribute the dose to nontumor tissue in such a way as to minimize the risk of complications. This work studied the relationship between nontumor integral dose (NTID), the fractional energy deposited in nontumor tissue, and a variety of delivery parameters for three clinical cases: nasopharynx,(More)
While the process of IMRT planning involves optimization of the dose distribution, the procedure for selecting the beam inputs for this process continues to be largely trial-and-error. We have developed an integer programming (IP) optimization method to optimize beam orientation using mean organ-at-risk (MOD) data from single-beam plans. Two test cases were(More)
Conventional radiotherapy is planned using free-breathing computed tomography (CT), ignoring the motion and deformation of the anatomy from respiration. New breath-hold-synchronized, gated, and four-dimensional (4D) CT acquisition strategies are enabling radiotherapy planning utilizing a set of CT scans belonging to different phases of the breathing cycle.(More)
PURPOSE Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) allows greater dose conformity to the tumor target. However, IMRT, especially static delivery, usually requires more time to deliver a dose fraction than conventional external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). The purpose of this work is to explore the potential impact of such prolonged fraction delivery times on(More)
Significant differences between planned and delivered treatments may occur due to respiration-induced tumour motion, leading to underdosing of parts of the tumour and overdosing of parts of the surrounding critical structures. Existing methods proposed to counter tumour motion include breath-holds, gating and MLC-based tracking. Breath-holds and gating(More)
PURPOSE To extract and study comprehensive spatial-temporal (18)F-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose ([(18)F]FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) features for the prediction of pathologic tumor response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in esophageal cancer. METHODS AND MATERIALS Twenty patients with esophageal cancer were treated with trimodal(More)
Conventional treatment planning for interstitial prostate brachytherapy is generally a 'trial and error' process in which improved treatment plans are generated by iteratively changing, via expert judgement, the configuration of sources within the target volume in order to achieve a satisfactory dose distribution. We have utilized linear mixed-integer(More)
Patients with HPV-positive and HPV-negative head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) are significantly different with regard to sociodemographic and behavioral characteristics that clinicians may use to assume tumor HPV status. Machine learning methods were used to evaluate the predictive value of patient characteristics and laboratory biomarkers of(More)
BACKGROUND. Respiration-induced tumor motion compensation using a treatment couch requires moving the patient at non-trivial speeds. The purpose of this work was to investigate motion sickness and stability of the patient's external surface due to a moving couch with respiration-comparable velocities and accelerations. MATERIAL AND METHODS. A couch was(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this work was to implement and validate a deformable CT to cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) image registration method in head-and-neck cancer to eventually facilitate automatic target delineation on CBCT. METHODS Twelve head-and-neck cancer patients underwent a planning CT and weekly CBCT during the 5-7 week treatment period.(More)