Warren B. Gefter

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Meniscal and ganglion cysts frequently present as palpable masses of the knee but occur at different locations than do popliteal cysts. Meniscal cysts also may be discovered incidentally on studies performed for suspected internal derangement. Sixteen cystic lesions of the knee were evaluated with MR, including 11 meniscal cysts and five ganglion cysts.(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of our investigation was to determine the relationship between the degree of swallowing dysfunction observed on barium studies and the likelihood of developing pneumonia in a large series of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS The findings on videofluoroscopic swallowing studies in 381 patients were used to classify these patients into(More)
A chronic cavitary form of pulmonary aspergillosis may occur with mild immunosuppression or underlying lung disease. In this "semi-invasive" type, the fungus is intermediate between a simple saprophyte and an invasive pathogen. Aspergillus may produce extensive lung destruction despite the lack of vascular invasion. The absence of a previous cavity(More)
The conversion of hematopoietic to fatty marrow is known to correlate with physiologic decreases in intramedullary blood flow. To determine whether the chronology of conversion is altered in patients with hip ischemia, T1-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images of the hips in 50 healthy people and 27 with documented avascular necrosis (AVN) were reviewed.(More)
BACKGROUND The major sites of obstruction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are small airways (<2 mm in diameter). We wanted to determine whether there was a relationship between small-airway obstruction and emphysematous destruction in COPD. METHODS We used multidetector computed tomography (CT) to compare the number of airways measuring(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the clinical and radiographic features of pulmonary aspergillosis as they present in AIDS patients; in particular, to determine similarities and differences between Aspergillus infection in patients with AIDS vs those without AIDS. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Six new cases of confirmed or probable pulmonary aspergillosis were discovered(More)
The geometry and caliber of the upper airway in apneic patients differs from those in normal subjects. The apneic airway is smaller and is narrowed laterally. Examination of the soft tissue structures surrounding the upper airway can lead to an understanding of these apneic airway dimensional changes. Magnetic resonance imaging was utilized to study the(More)
Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the treatment of choice for adults with obstructive sleep apnea. CPAP is known to increase upper airway size; however, the direct effects of CPAP on soft tissue structures surrounding the upper airway are less well understood. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to study the effect of incremental levels(More)
Recent years have witnessed an explosion in imaging technology applicable to chest medicine. These include CT and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism, and high-resolution CT for the detection and characterization of diffuse lung diseases and the quantification of emphysema. Newly developed approaches to pulmonary(More)