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We have studied small intestinal absorption of carnitine in vivo using a combination of segmental perfusion techniques and bolus intraluminal injection. We found evidence of a partially saturable absorption process (with Km values of 1035 and 1267 microM for jejunum and ileum calculated for the saturable component) that appeared to be separate from the(More)
The specificity and mechanism of altered intestinal transport of diabetic rats was studied with an everted ring technique. Increased intracellular accumulation of amino acids, as well as galactose and 3-O-methylglucose, was demonstrated in diabetes. The greater accumulation by diabetic intestine could not be attributed to a direct effect of the agent used(More)
Relative deficiency of intestinal lactase activity during adulthood, adult hypolactasia, is a common condition worldwide. We studied the regulation of lactase-phlorizin hydrolase in normal and adult hypolactasic subjects by correlating transcript abundance in intestinal biopsies with relative synthetic rates for the protein in cultured intestinal explants.(More)
Although a variety of plant lectins are consumed as part of the normal human diet and are capable of binding to intestinal cell surfaces in vitro, little information exists on their effects on intact intestine. We have studied the acute effects of intraluminal administration of wheat germ agglutinin and concanavalin A in normal rats. Both lectins caused(More)
Although L-carnitine has been given orally to patients with systemic carnitine deficiency with successful control of the disease and is present in a variety of dietary sources, there is little available information on the physiology of its absorption. We therefore studied intestinal carnitine absorption in the rat by measuring the uptake of radioactive(More)
Although carnitine is present in a variety of foods, the mechanism of its absorption has not been previously studied in humans. We investigated the absorption of carnitine by studying uptake into human intestinal mucosal biopsy specimens. We found evidence of active transport in the duodenum and ileum, but not in the colon. We demonstrated that(More)
Ricinoleic acid, the active component of castor oil, and related fatty acids were studied to determine their relative inhibitory effects on water and electrolyte absorption using everted hamster jejunal and ileal segments. Differences were found between hydroxylated and nonhydroxylated congeners as well as between cis and trans geometric isomers. At a(More)
The relationship of the surface properties of a group of anionic surfactants to their effects on intestinal water transport was studied. Dose-response inhibition of water transport in everted hamster jejunal segments was obtained with two long chain detergents (sodium dodecyl sulfate and dioctyl sodium sulfocuccinate), a fatty acid (ricinoleate), and(More)