Waqar Ishaq

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This paper presents the link budget calculations for Free Space Optical (FSO) communication system under diverse weather conditions. It discusses various factors involved in the medium between the transmitter and receiver, which affect link budget calculations. For free space optical communication, atmospheric losses are the dominating factor in the link(More)
This survey highlights issues in clustering which hinder in achieving optimal solution or generates inconsistent outputs. We called such malignancies as dark patches. We focus on the issues relating to clustering rather than concepts and techniques of clustering. For better insight into the issues of clustering, we categorize dark patches into three classes(More)
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