Learn More
The antimalarial drug artesunate is a semisynthetic derivative of artemisinin, the principal active component of a medicinal plant Artemisia annua. It is hypothesized to attenuate allergic asthma via inhibition of multiple signaling pathways. We used a comprehensive approach to elucidate the mechanism of action of artesunate by designing a novel(More)
Artemisinins are a family of sesquiterpene trioxane lactone anti-malarial agents originally derived from Artemisia annua L. The anti-malarial action of artemisinins involves the formation of free radicals via cleavage of the endoperoxide bond in its structure, which mediate eradication of the Plasmodium species. With its established safety record in(More)
Oxidative stress is a critical pathophysiological factor in the development of allergic airway inflammation, resulting in oxidative damage to lipids, proteins, and DNA. Our recent report revealed potent anti-inflammatory effects of the antimalarial drug artesunate in experimental allergic asthma. The present study investigated potential antioxidative(More)
BACKGROUND Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway is linked to the development of asthma. Anti-malarial drug artesunate is a semi-synthetic derivative of artemisinin, the principal active component of a medicinal plant Artemisia annua, and has been shown to inhibit PI3K/Akt activity. We hypothesized that artesunate may attenuate allergic asthma via(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cigarette smoke is a major cause for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Andrographolide is an active biomolecule isolated from the plant Andrographis paniculata. Andrographolide has been shown to activate nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a redox-sensitive antioxidant transcription factor. As Nrf2 activity(More)
Influenza virus infection (IVI) can cause primary viral pneumonia, which may progress to acute lung injury (ALI) and respiratory failure with a potentially fatal outcome. At present, the interactions between host and influenza virus at molecular levels and the underlying mechanisms that give rise to IVI-induced ALI are poorly understood. We conducted a(More)
BACKGROUND Allergy is an acquired hypersensitivity reaction of the immune system mediated by cross-linking of allergen-specific IgE-bound high-affinity IgE receptors, leading to immediate mast cell degranulation. Artesunate is a semi-synthetic derivative of artemisinin, an active component of the medicinal plant Artemisia annua. Artesunate is a clinically(More)
Metabolomics refers to the comprehensive analysis of metabolites in biological systems, and has been employed to study patients with asthma based on their urinary metabolite profile. We hypothesize that airway allergic asthma would affect metabolism in the lungs, and could be detected in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid (BALF) using a combined liquid(More)
Although the house dust mite (HDM) is a major environmental aeroallergen that promotes the pathogenesis and severity of allergic asthma, it remains elusive if HDM exposures can induce global metabolism aberrations during allergic airway inflammation. Using an integrated gas and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry-based metabolomics and multiplex(More)
Airway smooth muscle (ASM) cell hyperplasia contributes to airway wall remodeling (AWR) in asthma. Glucocorticoids, which are used as first-line therapy for the treatment of inflammation in asthma, have limited impact on AWR, and protracted usage of high doses of glucocorticoids is associated with an increased risk of side effects. Moreover, patients with(More)