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Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the deadliest cancers in western countries, with a median survival of 6 months and an extremely low percentage of long-term surviving patients. KRAS mutations are known to be a driver event of PDAC, but targeting mutant KRAS has proved challenging. Targeting oncogene-driven signalling pathways is a(More)
Activating mutations in KRAS are among the most frequent events in diverse human carcinomas and are particularly prominent in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). An inducible Kras(G12D)-driven mouse model of PDAC has established a critical role for sustained Kras(G12D) expression in tumor maintenance, providing a model to determine the potential(More)
Bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) has been widely used as an effective growth factor in bone tissue engineering. However, large amounts of BMP-2 are required to induce new bone and the resulting side effects limit its clinical application. Sulfated polysaccharides, such as native heparin, and heparan sulfate have been found to modulate BMP-2 bioactivity(More)
PTEN is a critical tumor suppressor gene mutated frequently in various human cancers. Previous studies have showed that PTEN mRNA expression is down-regulated by TGF-beta1 in various cell lines. In present study, we have found that TGF-beta1 down-regulates PTEN mRNA and protein expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner in hepatocarcinoma cell line(More)
DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) are essential for maintenance of aberrant methylation in cancer cells and play important roles in the development of cancers. Unregulated activation of PI3K/Akt pathway is a prominent feature of many human cancers including human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In present study, we found that DNMT3B mRNA and protein levels(More)
Earlier studies have reported the production of histamine in colorectal cancers (CRCs). The effect of histamine is largely determined locally by the histamine receptor expression pattern. Recent evidence suggests that the expression level of histamine receptor H4 (HRH4) is abnormal in colorectal cancer tissues. However, the role of HRH4 in CRC progression(More)
High resistance to traditional chemo- and radiotherapies contributes to the poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer (PC). Methyl-CpG binding domain protein 1 (MBD1), which plays an important role in disease progression, contributes to the drug resistance of PC cells; however, the mechanism underlying the drug resistance endowed by MBD1 remains unknown. In this(More)
BACKGROUND A number of oncoproteins and tumor suppressors are known to be neddylated, but whether the neddylation pathway is entirely activated in human cancer remains unexplored. METHODS NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE) (E1) and NEDD8-conjugating enzyme (E2) expression and global-protein neddylation were examined by immunohistochemistry, immunoblotting, and(More)
Mutated KRAS (KRAS*) is a fundamental driver in the majority of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDAC). Using an inducible mouse model of KRAS*-driven PDAC, we compared KRAS* genetic extinction with pharmacologic inhibition of MEK1 in tumor spheres and in vivo. KRAS* ablation blocked proliferation and induced apoptosis, whereas MEK1 inhibition exerted(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII), the most common EGFR mutation, is associated with cell migration of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cases; however, the mechanism has not been elucidated. In this study, we found that the EGFRvIII-promoted glioma cell migration was closely linked to high levels of tyrosine phosphorylation in focal(More)