Wansheng Wang

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BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) contribute to collagen degradation and remodeling of the extracellular matrix after myocardial infarction; however, their role in myocardial dysfunction immediately after ischemia and reperfusion is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We measured the release of MMPs into the coronary effluent of isolated, perfused rat(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) plays a pivotal role in vascular fibrosis, which leads to serious complications in hypertension and diabetes. However, the underlying signaling mechanisms are largely unclear. In hypertensive patients, we found that arteriosclerosis was associated with the activation of Smad2/3. This observation was further investigated in vitro by(More)
Extensive studies have demonstrated that transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) plays an important role in the progression of renal diseases. TGF-beta exerts its biological functions mainly through its downstream signalling molecules, Smad2 and Smad3. It is now clear that Smad3 is critical for TGF-beta's pro-fibrotic effect, whereas the functions of(More)
OBJECTIVE Although Smad3 has been considered as a downstream mediator of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling in diabetes complications, the role of Smad7 in diabetes remains largely unclear. The current study tests the hypothesis that Smad7 may play a protective role and has therapeutic potential for diabetic kidney disease. RESEARCH DESIGN AND(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been shown to play a role in tubular epithelial-myofibroblast transdifferentiation (TEMT) in diabetic nephropathy, but the intracellular signaling pathway remains unknown. We report here that AGEs signal through the receptor for AGEs (RAGE) to induce TEMT, as determined by de novo expression of a mesenchymal(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 has been shown to play a critical role in hypertensive nephropathy. We hypothesized that blocking TGF-beta1 signaling could attenuate renal fibrosis in a rat model of remnant kidney disease. Groups of six rats were subjected to 5/6 nephrectomy and received renal arterial injection of a doxycycline-regulated Smad7 gene(More)
BACKGROUND Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in renal fibrosis has been well studied, but little attention has been paid to the potential role of TGF-beta in the resolution of renal inflammation. We hypothesize that TGF-beta exerts its anti-inflammation properties by stimulating its negative signaling pathway involving Smad7. METHODS A rat(More)
The recent discovery of the angiotensin II (Ang II)-breakdown enzyme, angiotensin I converting enzyme (ACE) 2, suggests the importance of Ang II degradation in hypertension. The present study explored the signaling mechanism by which ACE2 is regulated under hypertensive conditions. Real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry showed that ACE2 mRNA and protein(More)
Interstitial fibrosis plays a major role in progression of renal diseases. Oncostatin M (OSM) is a cytokine that regulates cell survival, differentiation, and proliferation. Renal tissue from patients with chronic obstructive nephropathy was examined for OSM expression. The elevated levels in diseased human kidneys suggested possible correlation between OSM(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II is a key mediator of diabetes-related vascular disease. It is now recognized that in addition to angiotensin-converting enzyme, chymase is an important alternative angiotensin II-generating enzyme in hypertension and diabetes. However, the mechanism of induction of chymase in diabetes remains unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Here, we(More)