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Overexpression of the transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinase ErbB2 is common in multiple malignancies, including breast and ovarian cancer. ErbB2 is resistant to degradation mediated by c-Cbl, the E3 ubiquitin ligase responsible for ligand-induced ubiquitination of ErbB1 (epidermal growth factor receptor). Because of its resistance to degradation, ErbB2 is(More)
Induction of molecular chaperones is the characteristic protective response to environmental stress, and is regulated by a transcriptional program that depends on heat shock factor 1 (HSF1), which is normally under negative regulatory control by molecular chaperones Hsp70 and Hsp90. In metazoan species, the chaperone system also provides protection against(More)
Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) is an essential molecular chaperone whose activity is regulated not only by cochaperones but also by distinct posttranslational modifications. We report here that casein kinase 2 phosphorylates a conserved threonine residue (T22) in α helix-1 of the yeast Hsp90 N-domain both in vitro and in vivo. This α helix participates in a(More)
The c-mos proto-oncogene product is a key element in the cascade of events leading to meiotic maturation of vertebrate oocytes. We have investigated the role of cytoplasmic polyadenylation in the translational control of mouse c-mos mRNA and its contribution to meiosis. Using an RNase protection assay we show that optimal cytoplasmic polyadenylation of(More)
The molecular chaperone Hsp90 modulates the function of specific cell signaling proteins. Although targeting Hsp90 with the antibiotic inhibitor geldanamycin (GA) may be a promising approach for cancer treatment, little is known about the determinants of Hsp90 interaction with its client proteins. Here we identify a loop within the N lobe of the kinase(More)
Overexpression of ErbB-2/HER2 is associated with aggressive human malignancies, and therapeutic strategies targeting the oncoprotein are currently in different stages of clinical application. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) that block the nucleotide-binding site of the kinase are especially effective against tumors. Here we report an unexpected activity(More)
We report a link between Cullin5 (Cul5) E3 ubiquitin ligase and the heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) chaperone complex. Hsp90 participates in the folding of its client proteins into their functional conformation. Many Hsp90 clients have been reported to be aberrantly expressed in a number of cancers. We demonstrate Cul5 interaction with members of the Hsp90(More)
Hsp90 plays an essential role in maintaining stability and activity of its clients, including oncogenic signaling proteins that regulate key signal transduction nodes. Hsp90 inhibitors interfere with diverse signaling pathways by destabilizing and attenuating activity of such proteins, and thus they exhibit antitumor activity. However, Hsp90 inhibition has(More)
Geldanamycin and Velcade, new anticancer drugs with novel mechanisms of action, are currently undergoing extensive clinical trials. Geldanamycin interrupts Hsp90 chaperone activity and causes down-regulation of its many client proteins by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway; Velcade is a specific proteasome inhibitor. Misfolded Hsp90 clients within the(More)