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Autapse is an unusual type of synapse generated by a neuron on itself. The ability to monitor axonal growth of single neurons and autapse formation in three-dimensions (3D) may provide fundamental information relating to many cellular processes, such as axonal development, synaptic plasticity and neural signal transmission. However, monitoring such growth(More)
Microelectrode arrays (MEAs) provide a means to investigate the electrophysiological behavior of neuronal systems through the measurements from neuronal culture preparations. Changes in activity patterns of neuronal networks are usually detected by applying neural chemicals. Because of the difficulties of fabricating the arrays, and the delicate and less(More)
An ideal bone tissue engineering graft should have both excellent pro-osteogenesis and pro-angiogenesis to rapidly realize the bone regeneration in vivo. To meet this goal, 2-N,6-O-sulfated chitosan (26SCS) based nanoparticle (S-NP) was successfully developed and showed a dose-dependent enhancement on angiogenesis in vitro. For the repair of a critical(More)
Neuronal activity-dependent gene transcription is a key feature of long-lasting synaptic strengthening associated with learning and memory, as well as activity-dependent neuroprotection. To comprehensively determine the molecular alterations, we carried out genome-wide microarray analysis in cultured rat cortical neurons treated with specific(More)
The reconstruction of segmental bone defects remains an urgent problem in the orthopaedic field, and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) is known for its potent osteoinductive properties in bone regeneration. In this study, chitosan microspheres (CMs) were prepared and combined with absorbable collagen sponge to maintain controlled-release recombinant(More)
The apoptosis of cells is one of the fields that attract increasing attention in biology today. Usually, the cells are treated with chemicals when detecting apoptosis. It is highly desired to detect apoptosis in a real-time basis. Apoptosis of Jurkat cells was studied using a real-time electrorotation chip. This chip allows the detection of the cell(More)
Developing new methods and technologies in order to pattern neurons into regular networks is of utmost scientific interest in the field of neurological research. An efficient method here is developed for trapping neurons and constructing ordered neuronal networks on bioelectronic chips by using arrayed negative dielectrophoretic (DEP) forces. A special(More)
The accurate detection of mycobacterial species from isolates and clinical samples is important for pathogenic diagnosis and treatment and for disease control. There is an urgent need for the development of a rapid, simple, and accurate detection method. We established a biochip assay system, including a biochip, sample preparation apparatus, hybridization(More)
In vitro fertilization (IVF) technology has been broadly applied to solve human infertility in recent years. However, the physical tools for IVF remain unchanged over several decades before microfluidic technology was introduced in this field. Here, we report a novel microdevice that integrates each step of IVF, including oocyte positioning, sperm(More)
UNLABELLED Etiologic diagnoses of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) have been relying primarily on bacterial cultures that often fail to return useful results in time. Although DNA-based assays are more sensitive than bacterial cultures in detecting pathogens, the molecular results are often inconsistent and challenged by doubts on false positives,(More)