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The effects of pyrroloquinoline quinine (PQQ) on RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation and on wear particle-induced osteolysis were examined in this study. PQQ inhibited RANKL-mediated osteoclast differentiation in bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) in a dose-dependent manner without any evidence of cytotoxicity. The mRNA expression of c-Fos, NFATc1, and(More)
A solid-phase radioimmunoassay (SPRIA) to measure antibody responses to Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus flavus antigens in invasive aspergillosis (IA) was developed and compared with immunodiffusion (ID) and counterimmunoelectrophoresis (CIE). SPRIA detected significant elevations in levels of aspergillus antibody in 15 (79)% of 19 patients with IA.(More)
Alcohol abuse has been associated with an increased susceptibility to infectious diseases and certain tumors. On the basis of these observations, an effect of ethanol on the immune system has been suggested. We have used a mouse model system in which male C57Bl/6 mice were fed either Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet containing ethanol sufficient to supply 37% of(More)
BACKGROUND Choline is a dietary supplement that activates alpha7 nicotinic receptors. alpha7 nicotinic activation reduces cytokine production by macrophages and has antinociceptive activity in inflammatory pain models. We hypothesized that systemic administration of choline would reduce the inflammatory response from macrophages and have antinociceptive(More)
  • W Smith
  • 1999
The stratum corneum water barrier controls structural and functional properties of both the epidermis and the dermis. Treatments which chronically disrupt the stratum corneum water barrier can induce changes similar to those seen with 'anti-aging' treatments such as (-Hydroxy acids (AHAs) and Retin Atrade mark. Barrier disruption via daily tape stripping(More)
Recent advances in trans-differentiation of one type cell to another have made it possible to directly convert Huntington's disease (HD) patient fibroblasts into neurons by modulation of cell-lineage-specific transcription factors or RNA processing. However, this possibility has not been examined. Here, we demonstrate that HD patient-derived fibroblasts can(More)
BACKGROUND In order to understand the underlying mechanisms by which weight loss surgeries improve metabolic profiles in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients and to evaluate the relevance of the length of the common limb in modulating various aspects of metabolism, we performed regular duodenal-jejunal bypass (DJB) and long-limb DJB (LL-DJB) surgeries(More)