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Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells that sample their environment and present antigens to naïve T lymphocytes for the subsequent antigen-specific immune responses. DCs exist in a range of distinct subpopulations including plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) and classical DCs (cDCs), with the latter consisting of the cDC1 and cDC2 lineages.(More)
We suggests a new framework for enforcing the divergence-free condition on a velocity field. In this framework, the incompressibility is achieved by summing all the other nodal vorticities rather than via solving the Poisson equation. Our method is very simple to implement in both two and three dimensions and able to substitute for the conventional pressure(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a multifaceted hematopoietic cytokine and the culture of mouse bone marrow with GM-CSF produces a variety of myeloid cells including granulocytes, macrophages, and dendritic cells. In the present study, we cultured mouse splenocytes with GM-CSF and examined the changes in hematopoietic cell(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are routinely produced from the culture of mouse bone marrow (BM) with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) within a period of 10days. Although splenic extramedullary myelopoiesis was suggested to occur under the influence of GM-CSF, the hematopoietic outcome of splenic culture with GM-CSF has not been scrutinized.(More)
Despite impressive progresses for creating furry creatures in feature films, building a practical fur pipeline for digital creatures remains a major technical challenge for feature films. A few commercial packages exist, but they still lack in ability to fully support production of hundreds or thousands of shots required for a creature-based feature film,(More)
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