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OBJECTIVE Na(+) current derived from expression of the principal cardiac Na(+) channel, Na(v)1.5, is increased by activation of protein kinase A (PKA). This effect is blocked by inhibitors of cell membrane recycling, or removal of a cytoplasmic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) retention motif, suggesting that PKA stimulation increases trafficking of cardiac Na(+)(More)
Kv1.5 is the principal molecular component of I(Kur), an atrial-specific K(+) current in human myocytes that is suppressed by activation of protein kinase C (PKC). We examined the effect of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), a direct activator of PKC, on Kv1.5 current. Although PMA had minimal effect when Kv1.5 was expressed alone, K(+) currents derived(More)
OBJECTIVE Rapid stimulation causes electrical remodeling in the intact atrium, with shortening of action potential duration (APD), down-regulation of L-type Ca2+ currents (I(Ca,L)), and increased vulnerability to atrial fibrillation (AF). The essential elements required for this process are currently unknown. We tested the hypothesis that rapid stimulation(More)
CO2 chemoreception may be related to modulation of inward rectifier K+ channels (Kir channels) in brainstem neurons. Kir4.1 is expressed predominantly in the brainstem and inhibited during hypercapnia. Although the homomeric Kir4.1 only responds to severe intracellular acidification, coexpression of Kir4.1 with Kir5.1 greatly enhances channel sensitivities(More)
With a worldwide incidence as high as 6.7% of children, febrile seizures are one of the most common reasons for seeking pediatric care, but the mechanisms underlying generation of febrile seizures are poorly understood. Febrile seizures have been suspected to have a genetic basis, and recently, mutations in GABAA receptor and sodium channel genes have been(More)
Activation of protein kinase A (PKA) increases Na+ current derived from the human cardiac Na+ channel, hH1, in a slow, nonsaturable manner. This effect is prevented by compounds that disrupt plasma membrane recycling, implying enhanced trafficking of channels to the cell membrane as the mechanism responsible for Na+ current potentiation. To investigate the(More)
A GABA(A) receptor alpha1 subunit epilepsy mutation (alpha1(A322D)) introduces a negatively charged aspartate residue into the hydrophobic M3 transmembrane domain of the alpha1 subunit. We reported previously that heterologous expression of alpha1(A322D)beta2gamma2 receptors in mammalian cells resulted in reduced total and surface alpha1 subunit protein.(More)
The GABA(A) receptor gamma2 subunit mutation, Q351X, associated with generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+), created a loss of function with homozygous expression. However, heterozygous gamma2(+/-) gene deletion mice are seizure free, suggesting that the loss of one GABRG2 allele alone in heterozygous patients may not be sufficient to(More)
OBJECTIVE Genetic epilepsies and many other human genetic diseases display phenotypic heterogeneity, often for unknown reasons. Disease severity associated with nonsense mutations is dependent partially on mutation gene location and resulting efficiency of nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) to eliminate potentially toxic proteins. Nonsense mutations in the(More)
The GABA(A) receptor γ2 subunit nonsense mutation Q351X has been associated with the genetic epilepsy syndrome generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus, which includes a spectrum of seizures types from febrile seizures to Dravet syndrome. Although most genetic epilepsy syndromes are mild and remit with age, Dravet syndrome has a more severe clinical(More)