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Nitric oxide (NO) inhibits vascular inflammation, but the molecular basis for its anti-inflammatory properties is unknown. We show that NO inhibits exocytosis of Weibel-Palade bodies, endothelial granules that mediate vascular inflammation and thrombosis, by regulating the activity of N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF). NO inhibits NSF disassembly of(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway plays a critical role in Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling. MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) inhibits the MAPK pathway and decreases TLR signaling, but the regulation of MKP-1 is not completely understood. We now show that MKP-1 is acetylated, and that acetylation regulates its ability to interact with its(More)
Cerebellar ataxias, which comprise a wide spectrum of progressive disorders, are incurable at present. It has been reported that human umbilical mesenchymal stem cell (HU-MSC) transplantation has a protective effect on neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we investigated the effect of HU-MSCs on ataxic mice induced by cytosine beta-D-arabinofuranoside(More)
Cerebral deposition of amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) is a critical feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Either aluminium trichloride (Al) or D-galactose (D-gal) induces Abeta overproduction in rat or mouse brain and has been used to produce models of aging and AD. Here it is shown that mice treated with Al plus D-gal represent a good model of AD with altered(More)
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a devastating form of stroke. Misoprostol, a synthetic prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) analog and PGE2 receptor agonist, has shown protection against cerebral ischemia. In this study, we tested the efficacy of misoprostol in the 12-month-old mice subjected to 1 of 2 complementary ICH models, the collagenase model (primary study)(More)
Ischemic stroke can induce immediate activation and later inhibition of the peripheral immune system which may contribute to a worse outcome. Cocaine-and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) peptides have been reported to have neuroprotective and immunomodulatory effects in various cell and animal experimental models, respectively. In this study, CART's(More)
Renal fibrosis is the hallmark of chronic kidney diseases (CKD) and its development and progression are significantly affected by epigenetic modifications. Rhein, a plant-derived anthraquinone, displays strong anti-fibrosis properties, but its protective mode of action remains incompletely understood. Here we explore the mechanism of Rhein anti-renal(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) released from CORM-2 has anti-inflammatory function, but the critical molecule mediating the inflammation inhibition has not been elucidated. Previous studies indicate that CORM-2 can activate Nrf2, a key transcription factor regulating host defense against oxidative stress and inflammation-related disorders. In this study we use Nrf2(More)
Inflammation is an important contributing mechanism in ischemic brain injury. The current study elucidates a previously unexplored role of Fas ligand (FasL) in post-stroke inflammatory responses that is independent of its well-known effect in triggering apoptosis. Focal cerebral ischemia was induced for 2 h by right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)(More)
The microRNA-30 family plays important roles in maintaining kidney homeostasis. Patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) have reduced miR-30 levels in glomerulus. TGF-β represses miR-30s in kidney podocytes, which leads to cytoskeleton damage and podocyte apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the mechanism by which TGF-β represses miR-30d(More)