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Abundantly expressed in fetal tissues and adult muscle, the developmentally regulated H19 long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) has been implicated in human genetic disorders and cancer. However, how H19 acts to regulate gene function has remained enigmatic, despite the recent implication of its encoded miR-675 in limiting placental growth. We noted that vertebrate(More)
Glioblastomas (GBMs) are highly vascular and lethal brain tumors that display cellular hierarchies containing self-renewing tumorigenic glioma stem cells (GSCs). Because GSCs often reside in perivascular niches and may undergo mesenchymal differentiation, we interrogated GSC potential to generate vascular pericytes. Here, we show that GSCs give rise to(More)
Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are human vascular malformations caused by mutations in three genes of unknown function: CCM1, CCM2, and CCM3. CCM3, also known as PDCD10 (programmed cell death 10), was initially identified as a messenger RNA whose abundance was induced by apoptotic stimuli in vitro. However, the in vivo function of CCM3 has not been(More)
A single nucleotide polymorphism in the DAB2IP gene is associated with risk of aggressive prostate cancer (PCa), and loss of DAB2IP expression is frequently detected in metastatic PCa. However, the functional role of DAB2IP in PCa remains unknown. Here, we show that the loss of DAB2IP expression initiates epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is(More)
CCM3 mutations are associated with cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM), a disease affecting 0.1-0.5% of the human population. CCM3 (PDCD10, TFAR15) is thought to form a CCM complex with CCM1 and CCM2; however, the molecular basis for these interactions is not known. We have determined the 2.5 A crystal structure of CCM3. This structure shows an all(More)
To gain insights into the mechanisms of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene expression, we have cloned the eNOS promoter and fused it to a luciferase reporter gene to map regions of the promoter important for basal transcription in bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC). Transfection of BAEC with F1 luciferase (LUC) (-1600 to +22 nucleotides)(More)
Hsp90 client protein Akt has been shown to inhibit cell apoptosis in part by inhibiting proapoptotic kinase ASK1 (apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1) activity. In the present study, we show that Hsp90 inhibits hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2))-induced ASK1-p38 activation in endothelial cells (EC). The inhibitory effect of Hsp90 on ASK1-p38 activities is(More)
VEGF is a potent vascular growth factor produced by podocytes in the developing and mature glomerulus. Specific deletion of VEGF from podocytes causes glomerular abnormalities including profound endothelial cell injury, suggesting that paracrine signaling is critical for maintaining the glomerular filtration barrier (GFB). However, it is not clear whether(More)
To explore how optic disc perfusion varies in patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and how this correlates with glaucoma severity. We performed a prospective and cross-sectional observational study that included 62 eyes from 62 patients with OAG, divided into three groups according to their visual field (VF) results, and 20 eyes from 20 normal control(More)
Transporter associated with Ag processing-1 (TAP1) is induced by IFN-gamma more rapidly than is HLA class I. Kinetic analysis of transfectants reveals that IFN-gamma activates the TAP1 promoter more rapidly than the HLA-B7 class I promoter. A gamma-activating sequence (GAS) in the TAP1 promoter is necessary for the rapid induction by IFN-gamma. Two(More)