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To better determine the history of modern birds, we performed a genome-scale phylogenetic analysis of 48 species representing all orders of Neoaves using phylogenomic methods created to handle genome-scale data. We recovered a highly resolved tree that confirms previously controversial sister or close relationships. We identified the first divergence in(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin is an evolutionarily conserved serine-threonine kinase (mTOR), which controls protein synthesis and catabolism in response to environmental cues. This randomized double-blind clinical trial enrolled 60 abstinent heroin addicts and randomly assigned them to three groups: placebo, 2.5 mg and 5 mg rapamycin. The participants(More)
The relationship between glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) M1, T1 genotype and childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) was investigated. GSTM1 and GSTT1 genotypes in genomic DNA from 67 children with ALL and 146 healthy controls were analyzed by using the multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The frequencies of GSTM1, M1-T1 null genotypes in ALL(More)
Pedestrian detection is a key technology in autonomous driving perception system. Although the current vision-based pedestrian detection has obtained very good detection performance, the camera is sensitive to light and shadow. In addition, it is unable to provide precise location information, which is difficult to address autonomous driving problem. To(More)
GPRC6A is a G protein-coupled receptor activated by l-amino acids, which, based on analyses of knock-out mice, has been suggested to have physiological functions in metabolism and testicular function. The human ortholog is, however, mostly retained intracellularly in contrast to the cell surface-expressed murine and goldfish orthologs. The latter orthologs(More)
PURPOSE To assess the value of transcatheter intraarterial methotrexate infusion combined with selective uterine artery embolization (UAE) as a treatment option for cervical pregnancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between January 2004 and June 2009, a prospective study was conducted in 20 consecutive patients with cervical pregnancy. The patients were treated(More)
It is important to identify the differentially expressed gene in gastric cancer for elucidating the molecular mechanisms of tumorigenesis of stomach. Here, 38 genes differentially expressed genes between gastric cancer and normal gastric mucosa by in silico approaches. A potassium channel protein KCNE2, identified as a down-regulated gene in gastric cancer,(More)
Natural regeneration in Mongolian pine,Pinus sylvestris var.mongolica, forest at honghuaerji of China (the original of the natural Mongolian pine, forest on sandy land) was studied in 2004. The total mean values of regeneration indexes were higher in mature stands (more than 80% individual stems were older than 50 years), the maximum of regeneration index(More)
We sought to determine the distribution of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6 and lymphocytes in the cochlea of mice infected with murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV). For this purpose, 16 newborn mice were divided equally into model and control (uninfected) groups. In model group, 10 μl of MCMV was injected into the brain of each mouse whereas in(More)
We have attempted direct observation of the light-driven rotation of a FoF(1)-ATP motor. The FoF(1)-ATP motor was co-reconstituted by the deletion-delta subunit of FoF(1)-ATP synthase with bacteriorhodopsins (BRs) into a liposome. The BR converts radiation energy into electrochemical gradient of proton to drive the FoF(1)-ATP motor. Therefore, the(More)