Wanda M. Pruimboom

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To examine the interactions between the main pro-inflammatory cytokines and eicosanoids produced by human inflammatory cells, human peritoneal macrophages (hp-M phi) were isolated from ascitic fluid of patients with portal hypertension. Interactions between interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), leukotriene B4 (LTB4)(More)
Density-defined macrophages isolated from fluids of patients with liver cirrhosis mainly generated the 5-lipoxygenase products leukotriene B4 (LTB4, 16%) and 5-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (5-HETE, 24%) and the cyclooxygenase products 12-hydroxyheptadecatrienoic acid (HHT, 22%) and thromboxane B2 (TXB2, 18%). The synthesis of eicosanoids was linear with(More)
The phorbol ester, 12-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), stimulated the accumulation of labelled phosphatidylethanol (PEth) in HeLa cells prelabelled with [3H]hexadecanol and incubated in the presence of ethanol. PEth formation involves a phospholipase D-catalysed phosphatidyl transferase reaction. [3H]Hexadecanol labelled both ester- and(More)
THE acyl carrier coenzyme A (CoA) is involved in fatty acid metabolism. The carnitine/CoA ratio is of particular importance in regulating the transport of long-chain fatty acids into mitochondria for oxidation. Also CoA has a role in the formation and breakdown of products from both the cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase pathways of the precursor arachidonic(More)
To assess the diagnostic and prognostic value of interleukin-6, interleukin 1 beta, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha assays in plasma and ascites, we measured these cytokines in eight patients with malignancy-related ascites and 32 patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Five patients had an episode of bacterial peritonitis, during which one or more ascitic(More)
Ascites is a readily available source of human macrophages (M phi), which can be used to study M phi functions in vitro. We characterized the mediators of inflammation produced by human peritoneal M phi (hp-M phi) obtained from patients with portal hypertension and ascites. The production of the cytokines interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6)(More)
Human peritoneal macrophages (hp-Mφ) are a source of inflammatory mediators. After stimulationin vitro for 24 h with LPS there was a significant increase in cytokine production (IL-1, IL-6 and TNFα), but not in the production of eicosanoids from endogenous arachidonate. Leukotrienes are the predominant eicosanoids formed after stimulation with calcium(More)
The levels of the eicosanoids leukotriene B4, prostaglandin E2, prostacycline and thromboxane B2, the cytokines interleukin-1 beta, interleukin-6 and tumour necrosis factor-alpha and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 were measured in ascites and plasma samples of patients with liver cirrhosis (53), peritoneal cancer (26) and spontaneous bacterial(More)
Changes and correlations in cytokine and eicosanoid production by blood monocytes, non-purified and purified peritoneal cells during a carrageenin-induced peritonitis were investigated for a period of ten days. The cells were isolated and stimulated in vitro. Cytokine and eicosanoid production of the non-purified fraction increased steadily during(More)
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