Wanda L Snead

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UNLABELLED Whether glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) has insulin-independent effects on glucose disposal in vivo was assessed in conscious dogs by use of tracer and arteriovenous difference techniques. After a basal period, each experiment consisted of three periods (P1, P2, P3) during which somatostatin, glucagon, insulin, and glucose were infused. The(More)
BACKGROUND Weight gain is a frequent consequence of smoking cessation. Leptin, the protein product of the obese gene, seems to regulate appetite and body fat stores. The purpose of this study was to assess changes in circulating leptin levels and lipid metabolism during nicotine abstinence (NA) and their role in postcessation weight gain. METHODS Six(More)
Our aim was to determine whether complete hepatic denervation would affect the hormonal response to insulin-induced hypoglycemia in dogs. Two weeks before study, dogs underwent either hepatic denervation (DN) or sham denervation (CONT). In addition, all dogs had hollow steel coils placed around their vagus nerves. The CONT dogs were used for a single study(More)
Arteriovenous difference and tracer ([3-(3)H]glucose) techniques were used in 42-h-fasted conscious dogs to identify any insulin-like effects of intraportally administered glucagon-like peptide 1-(7-36)amide (GLP-1). Each study consisted of an equilibration, a basal, and three 90-min test periods (P1, P2, and P3) during which somatostatin, intraportal(More)
Whether glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 requires the hepatic portal vein to elicit its insulin secretion-independent effects on glucose disposal in vivo was assessed in conscious dogs using tracer and arteriovenous difference techniques. In study 1, six conscious overnight-fasted dogs underwent oral glucose tolerance testing (OGTT) to determine target GLP-1(More)
We evaluated the effect of chronic (3 wk) subcutaneous treatment with progesterone and estradiol (PE; producing serum levels observed in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy) or placebo (C) on hepatic and whole body insulin sensitivity and response to hypoglycemia in conscious, overnight-fasted nonpregnant female dogs, using tracer and arteriovenous difference(More)
Glucagon may regulate FFA metabolism in vivo. To test this hypothesis, six healthy male volunteers were infused with somatostatin, to inhibit endogenous hormone secretion, and insulin, glucagon, and GH to replace endogenous secretion of these hormones. In the hypoglucagonemia experiments, the glucagon infusion was omitted, and in the hyperglucagonemic(More)
The infusion of 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-D-ribofuranoside (AICAR) causes a rise in tissue concentrations of the AMP analog 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide-1-beta-D-ribofuranotide (ZMP), which mimics an elevation of cellular AMP levels. The purpose of this work was to determine the effect of raising hepatic ZMP levels on hepatic insulin action in(More)
The present studies were designed to determine if totally pancreatectomized dogs that underwent islet auto-transplantation retained a functional pancreatic counterregulatory response to mild non-insulin-induced hypoglycemia. Six dogs underwent total pancreatectomy followed by islet auto-transplantation to spleen or omentum. The animals recovered and fasting(More)
In individuals with type 1 diabetes, hypoglycemia is a common consequence of overinsulinization. Under conditions of insulin-induced hypoglycemia, glucagon is the most important stimulus for hepatic glucose production. In contrast, during euglycemia, insulin potently inhibits glucagon's effect on the liver. The first aim of the present study was to(More)