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Acetic acid applied to the hindlimb of a frog evokes a vigorous wiping of the exposed skin. The aim of this study was to determine if acetic acid evokes this wiping response by decreasing subepidermal pH. Because acetic acid is hyperosmolar, a second aim was to determine if the osmolarity of acetic acid contributed to evoking the wiping response. In(More)
In this study, a site-specific immunoconjugate, designated CYT-356, of the prostate-reactive monoclonal antibody 7E11-C5 was characterized by immunohistological methods for reactivity with normal and neoplastic human tissues. In addition, CYT-356 labeled with 111In was assessed by in vivo imaging and pharmacokinetic studies for localization to human tumor(More)
Evidence for the glyoxylate cycle in the mammalian rat liver was sought. Activity of two unique glyoxylate cycle enzymes, isocitrate lyase and malate synthase, was found in rat liver homogenates. Vitamin D3 treatment of rachitic animals produced a five- and fourfold increase, respectively, in the activity of these enzymes. Vitamin D3 also increased the(More)
NGF can regulate nitric oxide synthase (NOS) expression and nitric oxide (NO) can modulate NGF-mediated neurotrophic responses. To investigate the role of NO in NGF-activated expression of cholinergic phenotype, PC12 cells were treated with either the nonselective NOS inhibitor L-NAME (N (omega)-nitro-L-arginine methylester) or the inducible NOS selective(More)
We investigated mechanisms underlying nerve growth factor-mediated morphological differentiation and expression of cholinergic neuronal phenotype. In PC12, but not PC12nnr5 cells, nerve growth factor induces neurite-like outgrowths and enhances cholinergic phenotype; stable expression of TrkA receptors in nnr5 cells (called B5P cells) restores morphological(More)
[3H]Choline mustard aziridinium ion binds irreversibly to the sodium-coupled high-affinity choline transport protein in a sodium-dependent and hemicholinium-sensitive manner, and thus is a useful affinity ligand. In rat striatal synaptosomal membranes, it radiolabels two polypeptides with apparent molecular masses of 58 and 35 kDa. Based upon the use of two(More)
Dipivefrin is a prodrug of epinephrine which is hydrolyzed to epinephrine after absorption into the eye. The major site of this hydrolysis is shown to be the cornea. Some dipivefrin is absorbed unchanged into ocular tissues, but most appears as epinephrine and its metabolites within 15 min after topical application. Metanephrine is the major metabolite of(More)
Membrane carriers display structural and functional asymmetry with a substrate binding site which can be oriented alternately, but not simultaneously, to the extracellular and intracellular environment. Hemicholinium-3 is an inhibitor of the high-affinity choline carrier in cholinergic nerve terminals which binds to the transporter at the outer membrane(More)
Hemolymph was collected from both normal (virgin) females (control hemolymph) and artificially inseminated females (experimental hemolymph) of Solenopsis, ssp., the imported fire ant (primarily S. invicta and S. geminata). When the control hemolymph was injected into normal females, breakdown of the thoracic flight musculature was not seen 24 hr(More)
The effect of the protease inhibitor leupeptin on flight muscle histolysis in queen fire ants was studied by electron microscopy. In untreated animals artificially inseminated, muscle involution was apparent at 6 hr post-insemination and complete by 24 hr post-insemination. However, in animals pre-treated with leupeptin and subsequently artificially(More)