Wanda Grzybowska

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BACKGROUND Evaluation of the biocidal activity of chemical disinfectants and antiseptics according to European Standards (EN) is based on determination of the reduction of the number of viable test microorganisms under defined conditions. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate whether reducing the neutralization time required following(More)
Enterococci despite their low pathogenicity are the third cause of hospital infections. Enterococci resistant to glycopeptides present special risks. The aim of this work was to determine the frequency of isolates of all enterococci versus enterococci resistant to glycopeptides from patients in the Transplant Surgery Ward. Moreover, vancomycin-resistant(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the Neisseria meningitidis carriage rate among two cohorts of Polish recruits upon entry to the military and during the first 2 months of their service, i.e. in the spring and autumn of 1998, and to characterize the meningococcal strains isolated. Pharyngeal swabs were taken four and five times from 151 and 168 men,(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, there is a wide range of products for mouth washing on the Polish market. They have different qualitative and quantitative compositions, and they differ particularly in the concentration of active substances. In antisepsis and disinfection, the significant reduction in number of cells of microorganisms in a particular environment is(More)
BACKGROUND The history of the investigation of standardized mycobactericidal activity of disinfectants and antiseptics is not very long. There is growing interest among the manufacturers of disinfectants in carrying out research on the antimicrobial activities in accordance with European standards (EN). This research could facilitate the introduction of(More)
A study was conducted to investigate the quality of reference substances which were produced long before the introduction of advanced analysis and purification techniques. The quality and antimicrobial activity of WHO and EP oxytetracycline, doxycycline, colistin and spiramycin reference standards were assessed. The oldest substance was stored for 54 years(More)
Infections due to vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) constitute a serious therapeutic problem in some cases. Up to date there is only poor knowledge about the frequency of isolation of VRE inthe Polish hospitals. The aim of our investigations was to compare the number and the assortment of VRE isolated during eight years (1998-2005) in the one big(More)
Meningococcal carriage study, performed after N. meningitidis outbreak in Zielonka included 130 persons (111 children). No N. meningitidis strain was isolated. Phenotype and genotype analysis of 6 meningococcal isolates obtained from blood and CSF, showed their heterogeneity with exception of 2 isolates from Zielonka's cases of meningococcal sepsis which(More)
Activity interaction analysis of two antibiotics by two methods: checkerboard and "time-kill" was compared during this study. Combinations of procaine penicillin, polymyxin B and bacitracin with neomycin and procaine penicillin with dihydrostreptomycin were examined. Checkerboard method is the most widely used technique for antimicrobials interactions(More)
Phenotype and genotype identification of 179 Neisseria meningitidis strains isolated from cerebrospinal fluid or blood of patients with meningococcal infection, hospitalized in Poland, was performed. This is the first analysis of that type conducted in Poland. We analyzed strains collected in 1995-2000 from laboratories located all over the country.(More)