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We characterized 12 clinical isolates of Klebsiella oxytoca with the extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) phenotype (high minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC] values of ceftriaxone) recovered over 9 months at a university hospital in Japan. To determine the clonality of the isolates, we used pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multi-locus sequence(More)
Metallo-beta-lactamase IMP-1 is a di-Zn(II) metalloenzyme that efficiently hydrolyzes beta-lactam antibiotics. Wild-type (WT) IMP-1 has a conserved Asp-120(81) in the active site, which plays an important role in catalysis. To probe the catalytic role of Asp-120(81) in IMP-1, the IMP-1 mutants, D120(81)A and D120(81)E, were prepared by site-directed(More)
Staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs), produced by Staphylococcus aureus, are a major cause of staphylococcal food poisoning. Traditionally, sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and reverse passive latex agglutination with rabbit antibody IgG have been used to detect SEs. However, most of these kits require a long processing time and there is a(More)
The VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase enzyme from Pseudomonas aeruginosa catalyzes the hydrolysis of most beta-lactam antibiotics including carbapenems, and there are currently no potent inhibitors of such enzymes. We found rac-2-omega-phenylpropyl-3-mercaptopropionic acid, phenylC3SH, to be a potent inhibitor of VIM-2. The structure of the VIM-2-phenylC3SH(More)
For the purpose of screening of inhibitors that are effective for wide range of metallo-beta-lactamases, the inhibitory effect of two series of compounds, 2-omega-phenylalkyl-3-mercaptopropionic acid (PhenylCnSH (n=1-4)) and N-[(7-chloro-quinolin-4-ylamino)-alkyl]-3-mercapto-propionamide (QuinolineCnSH (n=2-6)), where n denotes the alkyl chain length, on(More)
We isolated and characterized three multidrug-resistant clinical isolates of group B streptococci with reduced penicillin susceptibility (PRGBS) that formed small non-beta-hemolytic colonies on sheep blood agar plates but grew well on chocolate agar plates. They can be overlooked in the bacterial identification step, leading to clinical misdiagnosis and(More)
OBJECTIVES In Japan, the isolation rate of group B Streptococcus (GBS) with reduced penicillin susceptibility (PRGBS) was 2.3% between 2005 and 2006. However, no data on this have been available since then; moreover, the isolation rate of MDR-PRGBS has never been reported. The aim of this study was to obtain recent data on the PRGBS isolation rate and to(More)
The rate of fluoroquinolone (FQ) resistance among the cephalosporin-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae is considerably high, however, their genetic profiles have not been well investigated. We selected 61 ciprofloxacin-nonsusceptible isolates from 102 K. pneumoniae isolates judged to be "resistant" to some cephalosporins during 2009 and 2012 throughout Japan.(More)
Some important virulence factors have been elucidated in Klebsiella pneumoniae infections. We investigated the relationship between virulence factors and multilocus sequence types (STs) and assessed the risk factors for bacteremia in patients with pneumonia due to K. pneumoniae. From April 2004 through April 2012, a total of 120 K. pneumoniae isolates from(More)