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Notch signaling in the nervous system is often regarded as a developmental pathway. However, recent studies have suggested that Notch is associated with neuronal discharges. Here, focusing on temporal lobe epilepsy, we found that Notch signaling was activated in the kainic acid (KA)-induced epilepsy model and in human epileptogenic tissues. Using an acute(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been successfully used for the treatment of experimental stroke. However, the neurorestorative mechanisms by which MSCs improve neurological functional recovery are not fully understood. Endogenous cell proliferation in the subventricular zone (SVZ) after stroke is well known, but most of newly formed cells underwent(More)
Tenascin (TN) is an extracellular oligomeric glycoprotein that participates in the adhesion of cells to extracellular matrixc (ECM). Studies have shown that the expression levels of TN are upregulated in a variety of cancers, including colon cancer, lung cancer, brain tumor, and breast cancer. However, the implications and utilities of TN in clinical(More)
The McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is characterized by a clinical triad of polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, café-au-lait hyperpigmented macules, and hypersecretory endocrinopathies. Acromegaly is an uncommon manifestation of the endocrine disturbance associated with MAS, and the role of surgery in managing these cases has been a topic of debate. The authors(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of intraventricular pre-treatment with recombinant adeno-associated virus vectors encoding VEGF (rAAV-VEGF) on early stroke in a rat model of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO). METHODS rAAV-VEGF, rAAV-null or physiologic saline was delivered into the lateral ventricle of 93 Wistar rats, respectively. Eight(More)
In central nervous system, schwannomas, as ubiquitous tumors, mostly originate from sensory nerves like auditory and trigeminal nerves. However, intrasellar schwannomas are extremely rare. They are often misdiagnosed as pituitary adenomas. We report a rare case of schwannoma in the sellar region--a challenging diagnosis guided by clinical presentations,(More)
The hippocampus appears commonly affected by aging and various neurologic disorders in humans, whereas little is known about age-related change in overall protein expression in this brain structure. Using the 4-plex tandem mass tag labeling, we carried out a quantitative proteomic study of the hippocampus during normal aging using postmortem brains from(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the lateralizing value of dystonic posturing (DP) of upper limb in patients with refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). METHODS Presurgical videotypes of 89 patients staying seizure-free for at least 2 years after temporal lobectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Attention was paid to temporal correlation between occurrence(More)
CD34 is a transmembrane phosphoglycoprotein that was first identified on hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells. CD34 is known as an optimum marker for microvascular density studies and it is positively stained in pathological and physiologic vessels. The use of CD34 for the prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of neoplasms has been increasingly discussed.(More)
INTRODUCTION Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disease that leads to extrapyramidal symptoms, such as dystonia, ataxia, dysarthria, and involuntary movements. Treatment of PKAN with deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been reported, but mainly focuses on targeting the globus pallidus internus (GPi).(More)