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A severe epidemic, affecting mainly goose populations, broke out in early January 2015. The causative agents were identified as novel H5 avian influenza viruses carrying N2, N3, and N8 subtypes of the neuraminidase gene. From January 8 to February 11, 766 waterfowl and poultry farms were invaded by the H5 viruses, and more than 2.2 million geese died or(More)
Betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH) catalyzes the synthesis of glycine betaine, a regulator of osmosis, and therefore BADH is considered to play a significant role in response of plants to abiotic stresses. Here, based on the conserved residues of the deduced amino acid sequences of the homologous BADH genes, we cloned the AnBADH gene from the xerophytic(More)
The term 'hand dermatitis' describes inflammatory skin condition localized to the hands. Nurses working at hospital settings are prone to develop hand dermatitis. The current study aimed to evaluate whether certain genetic polymorphisms were associated with the development of atopic eczema or non-atopic hand dermatitis in Taiwanese population. Nurses of(More)
BACKGROUND Hypocrea jecorina is the sexual form of the industrial workhorse fungus Trichoderma reesei that secretes cellulases and hemicellulases to degrade lignocellulosic biomass into simple sugars, such as glucose and xylose. H. jecorina CBS999.97 is the only T. reesei wild isolate strain that is sexually competent in laboratory conditions. It undergoes(More)
Antifreeze proteins are a class of polypeptides produced by certain animals, plants, fungi and bacteria that permit their survival under the subzero environments. Ammopiptanthus nanus is the unique evergreen broadleaf bush endemic to the Mid-Asia deserts. It survives at the west edge of the Tarim Basin from the disappearance of the ancient Mediterranean in(More)
To provide a useful piece of information for the choice of molecular markers to be used in selection of drought tolerance, mRNA differential display was used to isolate genes from a drought-tolerant maize inbred line '81565'. After drought stress, two down-regulated expression gene fragments (MD1 and MD2) and one up-regulated expression fragment (MD3) were(More)
Trehalose-6-phosphate synthase, a key enzyme in trehalose synthesis pathway of plant, plays an important role in response to abiotic stress in xerophilous rock lily and other resurrection plants. In this study, homologous amplification and RACE technique were used to clone gene SpTPS1 for trehalose-6-phosphate synthase from Selaginella pulvinata, which is(More)
To overcome the low efficiency of agronomic protection from maize dwarf mosaic disease, susceptible maize inbred line was transformed by Agrobacterium tumefaciens harboring hpRNA expression vectors containing inverted-repeat sequences of different lengths targeting coat protein gene (CP) of maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV). After PCR screening and Southern(More)
Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) is a widespread pathogenic virus that causes serious loss of yield in maize (Zea mays). RNA interference (RNAi) triggered by hairpin RNA (hpRNA) transcribed from a transgenic inverted-repeat sequence is an effective way to defend against viruses in plants. In this study, an hpRNA expression vector containing a sense arm and(More)
BACKGROUND Nurses are prone to develop hand dermatitis. Although an atopic constitution has been identified as a genetic risk factor, the behavioural risk factors associated with hand dermatitis in wet work conditions have not been fully explored. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to clarify the impact of atopic eczema (fulfilling the diagnostic criteria during(More)