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Betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (BADH) catalyzes the synthesis of glycine betaine, a regulator of osmosis, and therefore BADH is considered to play a significant role in response of plants to abiotic stresses. Here, based on the conserved residues of the deduced amino acid sequences of the homologous BADH genes, we cloned the AnBADH gene from the xerophytic(More)
BACKGROUND Nurses are prone to develop hand dermatitis. Although an atopic constitution has been identified as a genetic risk factor, the behavioural risk factors associated with hand dermatitis in wet work conditions have not been fully explored. OBJECTIVES This study aimed to clarify the impact of atopic eczema (fulfilling the diagnostic criteria during(More)
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of methotrexate and retinoid on risks for developing cerebrovascular disease among psoriatic patients. A population-based nested case-control study was conducted using the Taiwanese National Health Insurance database. Cox proportional hazards models were adopted.(More)
Antifreeze proteins are a class of polypeptides produced by certain animals, plants, fungi and bacteria that permit their survival under the subzero environments. Ammopiptanthus nanus is the unique evergreen broadleaf bush endemic to the Mid-Asia deserts. It survives at the west edge of the Tarim Basin from the disappearance of the ancient Mediterranean in(More)
BACKGROUND Hypocrea jecorina is the sexual form of the industrial workhorse fungus Trichoderma reesei that secretes cellulases and hemicellulases to degrade lignocellulosic biomass into simple sugars, such as glucose and xylose. H. jecorina CBS999.97 is the only T. reesei wild isolate strain that is sexually competent in laboratory conditions. It undergoes(More)
To overcome the low efficiency of agronomic protection from maize dwarf mosaic disease, susceptible maize inbred line was transformed by Agrobacterium tumefaciens harboring hpRNA expression vectors containing inverted-repeat sequences of different lengths targeting coat protein gene (CP) of maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV). After PCR screening and Southern(More)
The term 'hand dermatitis' describes inflammatory skin condition localized to the hands. Nurses working at hospital settings are prone to develop hand dermatitis. The current study aimed to evaluate whether certain genetic polymorphisms were associated with the development of atopic eczema or non-atopic hand dermatitis in Taiwanese population. Nurses of(More)
Maize dwarf mosaic virus (MDMV) is a widespread pathogen that causes serious yield loss to maize crops. A hairpin RNA expression vector was constructed herein to overcome the low efficiency of cultural protection against MDMV and to improve the MDMV resistance mediated by a shorter transgenic inverted-repeat sequence. This expression vector contained a 451(More)
Abscisic acid (ABA) is a ubiquitous hormone that regulates plant growth, development and responses to environmental stresses. In recent researches, pyrabactin resistance 1-like protein (PYL) and protein phosphatase type 2C (PP2C) were identified as the direct receptor and the second component of ABA signaling pathway, respectively. However, a lot of PYL and(More)
BACKGROUND Psoriasis is an important systemic inflammatory disease that often leads to severe vascular diseases. This study was launched to determine if joint involvement affects incidence of vascular comorbidities in psoriatic patients. In addition, potential vasculo-protective effects of methotrexate in psoriatic patients were also evaluated. METHOD A(More)