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We assessed the effectiveness of the 3-in-1 continuous femoral block as a form of postoperative pain relief for unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Sixty patients undergoing elective unilateral(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Computer-integrated patient-controlled epidural analgesia (CIPCEA) is a novel epidural drug delivery system. It automatically adjusts the basal infusion based on the individual's(More)
BACKGROUND Hypotension is a common side effect of spinal anaesthesia during caesarean delivery and is associated with maternal and foetal adverse effects. We developed an updated double intravenous(More)
INTRODUCTION The computer-integrated patient-controlled epidural analgesia (CIPCEA) system can automatically adjust the background infusion rate during combined spinal-epidural analgesia based on the(More)