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MOTIVATION Complex diseases are generally thought to be under the influence of one or more mutated risk genes as well as genetic and environmental factors. Many traditional methods have been developed to identify susceptibility genes assuming a single-gene disease model ('single-locus methods'). Pathway-based approaches, combined with traditional methods,(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) infection was necessary but not sufficient for KS development without other cofactors. We have previously reported that herpes simplex virus (HSV)-1 was an important cofactor that reactivated KSHV from latency by inducing the expression of KSHV replication and transcription activator (RTA), the lytic switch(More)
Structure and function of the human brain are subjected to dramatic changes during its development and aging. Studies have demonstrated that microRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the regulation of brain development and have a significant impact on brain aging and neurodegeneration. However, the underling molecular mechanisms are not well understood.(More)
EV71 occasionally cause a series of severe neurological symptoms, including aseptic meningitis, encephalitis, and poliomyelitis-like paralysis. However, the neurological destruction mechanism was remained to be clarified. This study described the cross reaction between EV71 induced IgG and human brain tissue. Cross reaction of the IgG from 30 EV71 infected(More)
Although neutralizing antigenic sites of foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) can be defined by selection of monoclonal antibody (MAb) escape mutants, no conformational neutralizing epitope on the major antigenic site located on the G-H loop of type Asia1 FMDV has been precisely mapped. In this study, we generated a potent neutralizing MAb 3E11, which(More)
Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) is a cause of hand, foot and mouth disease (HMFD) in children under 6 years old, and could cause serious neurological complications in some patients. Numerous large outbreaks of EV71 caused HMFD have occurred recently in Asia, especially in China. The cross-reactivity of EV71 with human brain tissue was observed and the(More)
We report on the fabrication and measurement of devices designed to study the electrochemical behavior of individual monolayer graphene sheets as electrodes. We have examined both mechanically exfoliated and chemical vapor deposited (CVD) graphene. The effective device areas, determined from cyclic voltammetric measurements, show good agreement with the(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is an AIDS-defining cancer with aberrant neovascularization caused by KS-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). Although the interaction between HIV-1 and KSHV plays a pivotal role in promoting the aggressive manifestations of KS, the pathogenesis underlying AIDS-KS remains largely unknown. Here we examined HIV-1 Nef protein promotion of KSHV(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the expression and function of Galectin-3 (Gal-3) in CD133(+) pulmonary adenocarcinoma. METHODS CD133(+) pulmonary adenocarcinoma cells were separated by MACS from excised pulmonary adenocarcinoma specimens of 11 patients. The percentage of CD133(+) cells in different cells population was determined by flow cytometry (FCM).(More)
Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a highly disseminated angiogenic tumor of endothelial cells linked to infection by Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV). KSHV encodes more than two dozens of miRNAs but their roles in KSHV-induced tumor dissemination and metastasis remain unknown. Here, we found that ectopic expression of miR-K12-3 (miR-K3) promoted(More)