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Basal forebrain cholinergic neurons are severely depleted early in Alzheimer's disease and appear particularly susceptible to amyloid beta-peptide (A beta) toxicity in vivo. To model this effect in vitro, a cholinergic septal cell line (SN56) was exposed to A beta. SN56 cells exhibited a tetraethylammonium (TEA)-sensitive outward K+ current with delayed(More)
A dopaminergic neuroblastoma was derived using somatic cell fusion of rat embryonic mesencephalon cells and the murine neuroblastoma-glioma cell line N18TG2. The resulting interspecies hybrid, named MES23.5, has retained a stable phenotype and karyotype for a continuous culture period of 1 year. The hybrid exhibits several properties that suggest that the(More)
Pramipexole and several other dopamine agonists have been recently demonstrated to have neuroprotective effects in vitro and in vivo. We report here that pramipexole can protect DAergic cell line MES 23.5 against dopamine (DA), 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced cytotoxicity in vitro possibly through antioxidant effects, and(More)
The molecular events associated with beta-amyloid-induced neuronal injury remain incompletely characterized. Using a substantia nigra/neuroblastoma hybrid cell line (MES 23.5) synthetic beta-amyloid 1-40 induced a time and dose-dependent apoptotic cell death which was characterized by cell shrinkage and fragmentation of DNA, and was inhibited by(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a stress protein induced in response to a variety of oxidative challenges. After treatment of the hybrid septal cells SN 56 with beta-amyloid peptide (beta-AP1-40) or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), we detected high levels of reactive oxygen species, accompanied by a significant elevation in HO-1 expression. Levels of HO-1 increased and(More)
The aim of this study is to investigate the pathway of diencephalic dopaminergic (DA) neuronal innervating into the spinal cord in mice, the pathway is postulated relevant to clinical restless legs syndrome (RLS). Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunohistochemstry was used to identify the DA neuron. The fluorescent tracer Fluoro-Gold (FG) was sterotaxically(More)
BACKGROUND Increased levels of free radicals and oxidative stress may contribute to the pathogenesis of substantia nigra (SN) injury in Parkinson disease (PD), but the initiating etiologic factors remain undefined in most cases. OBJECTIVE To determine the potential importance of immune mechanisms in triggering or amplifying neuronal injury, we assayed(More)
A solid-phase, direct binding ELISA for serum amyloid A (SAA) proteins is described, in which noncovalent interactions of SAA with other plasma constituents are disrupted to permit direct coating of the wells of flexible polyvinyl chloride microtitration plates with an amount of SAA antigen proportional to its concentration in plasma. The wells are coated(More)
The configuration of the P53 tumor suppressor gene was investigated in 43 Chinese patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), 32 in chronic phase and 11 in blastic crisis. No obvious rearranged DNA band was detected in Southern blot patterns from patients at both stages of the disease. However, P53 gene deletion events were observed in 4 out of 11(More)
Recent evidence suggests that beta-amyloid peptide (beta-AP) may induce tau protein phosphorylation, resulting in loss of microtubule binding capacity and formation of paired helical filaments. The mechanism by which beta-AP increases tau phosphorylation, however, is unclear. Using a hybrid septal cell line, SN56, we demonstrate that aggregated(More)