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Neurotrophins function through high-affinity tyrosine kinase (Trk) receptors to promote growth and survival of cells in the injured nervous system. To investigate the role of Trk receptors in the adult nervous system, we examined TrkA, TrkB, and TrkC mRNA expression in spinal cord and brain after spinal contusion. At 1 day postinjury, all Trk receptor(More)
UNLABELLED In this study, we aimed to evaluate the antinociceptive interaction between intrathecally administered amiloride and morphine or clonidine. Using rats chronically implanted with lumbar intrathecal catheters, we examined the ability of intrathecal amiloride, morphine, clonidine, and mixtures of amiloride-morphine and amiloride-clonidine to alter(More)
The aims of this study were to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of bufalin, a major component of "Chan-su." We used a carrageenan-induced paw edema model to assess the anti-inflammatory activity of this compound, and Western blot analysis detected NF- κ B signaling during this effect. The antinociceptive activities were evaluated by(More)
Previous studies have shown that preoperative anemia is correlated with the prognoses of various solid tumors. This study was performed to determine the effect of preoperative anemia on relapse and survival in patients with breast cancer. A total of 2960 patients with breast cancer who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2008 at the Sun Yat-sen University(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-associated sensory neuropathy affects over 50% of HIV patients and is a common peripheral nerve complication of HIV infection and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Evidence shows that painful HIV sensory neuropathy is influenced by neuroinflammatory events that include the proinflammatory molecules, MAP Kinase, tumor necrosis(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients treated with nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), have been known to develop neuropathic pain. While there has been a major shift away from some neurotoxic NRTIs in current antiretroviral therapy, a large number of HIV patients alive today have previously received them, and many have developed(More)
Previous studies have shown that ulinastatin, an effective inhibitor of the inflammatory response in clinical applications, can attenuate hyperalgesia in rodents. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, we first examined the change in the calcineurin level, which plays an important role in regulating cytokine release in the(More)
BACKGROUND Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related painful sensory neuropathies primarily consist of the HIV infection-related distal sensory polyneuropathy and antiretroviral toxic neuropathies. Pharmacotherapy provides only partial relief of pain in patients with HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome because little is known about the exact(More)
BACKGROUND Amiloride has been reported to produce a wide variety of actions, thereby affecting several ionic channels and a multitude of receptors and enzymes. Intrathecal α2-adrenergic receptor agonists produce pronounced analgesia, and amiloride modulates α2-adrenergic receptor agonist binding and function, acting via the allosteric site on the(More)