Nerve growth factor (NGF) is well-established as a trophic factor that plays a crucial role in neuroregeneration and plasticity after brain insults. Dexamethasone (DEX), a powerful glucocorticoid steroid, has long been used in the clinical management of neurological disorders. We examined the relationship between NGF and DEX after an ischemic insult to the… (More)
Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is associated with high rates of mortality and morbidity. Thus, the identification of novel therapeutic agents for preventing strokes and attenuating poststroke brain damage is crucial. Dexamethasone (DEX) is used clinically to reduce edema formation in patients with spinal cord injury and brain tumors. In this… (More)
The cellular events in traumatic brain injury (TBI) are complicated, and the factors mediating neurotrophins to protect and repair the injured brain cells are only beginning to be identified. This study examined the effect of dexamethasone (DEX) on neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) expression following TBI. Levels of NT-3 mRNA and protein in rat hippocampus were… (More)
Most trigeminal neuralgia is attributable to vascular compression of the root entry zone of the trigeminal nerve at the pons. Only about 5-10% of trigeminal neuralgia cases are caused by direct compression by ipsilateral cerebellopontine angle tumors. Trigeminal neuralgia caused by contralateral posterior fossa tumors are extremely rare. Cases in which… (More)
OBJECTIVES Although diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is widely studied to assess the motor outcome after ischaemic stroke, there is paucity of data regarding outcomes of intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). The aim of this study was to determine the DTI data from different locations along the corticospinal tract (CST) and association to motor outcome. METHODS… (More)
A 23-year-old male presented with a parasellar lesion which was suspected as disseminated intracranial germ cell tumour. The diagnosis of germinoma was made using immunohistochemistry from percutaneous trans-foramen ovale biopsy. This report describes the role of neuronavigation-guided biopsy through the foramen ovale for lesions in the parasellar region.
A naturally occurring beta-hairpin peptide (PDB ID 1UAO) was used as a model to study the backbone oxidation of a protein with ab initio calculation at the B3LYB/6-31G(d) without any constraints. The (alpha)C--H bond dissociation energy of three different glycyl radicals located at different sites on the beta-hairpin peptide was calculated to evaluate the… (More)
Stroke is a common cause of death and severe disability among adults in developed countries. Cigarette smoking adversely affects human health in many ways and is considered to be a risk factor for a stroke. However, the mechanism that determines the relative importance of neurotrophins in this process remains unclear. To study the effect of chronic… (More)