Waltraut Kruse

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OBJECTIVES To examine medication problems during a stay in hospital and after discharge and to identify risk factors that contribute to poor compliance with medication a prospective observational study was carried out in an university-affiliated geriatric hospital and a patients' home. PATIENTS One hundred and nineteen patients admitted from home to the(More)
A prospective drug surveillance study was undertaken in 300 elderly patients admitted to a geriatric clinic. Prescribing patterns were determined on admission, at discharge and 3.6 and 18 months after discharge. Patients referred from long-term care institutions were on significantly more drugs than non-institutionalized subjects. A 34% reduction in the(More)
The utility of a new microprocessor-based method for continuous monitoring of compliance in taking solid medicaments has been evaluated. Medication intake in 31 ambulant patients was assessed in a prospective observational study under the conditions of routine practice. The patients (aged 14–87 y, mean 50 y) were receiving long-term drug treatment for(More)
Nutritional status was assessed in 300 geriatric patients aged 75 years or more using clinical, anthropometric, biochemical and immunologic methods. Relations between different assessment methods and their prognostic significance with regard to 18-month mortality were examined. For biochemical variables 10% (prealbumin, vitamin B6) to 37% (vitamins A and C)(More)
To obtain reference values for comparison with malnourished geriatric patients, the nutritional status of 50 apparently healthy women aged 75 or older living independently in two old people's homes in Heidelberg was examined. All women were able to walk, and were free from overt disease and signs of mental deterioration. Anthropometric measurements (body(More)
In 196 hospitalized geriatric patients, drug prescriptions were assessed for potential drug interactions. Potential drug interactions were identified in 5.4% of 2,177 prescriptions. The risk increased with the number of prescribed drugs. Antipsychotics, tranquilizers, hypnotics, diuretics, cardiac glycosides and centrally acting analgetics were involved in(More)
OBJECTIVE A pilot study to assess patient compliance with medication by using a new measurement technique, continuous electronic monitoring. DESIGN Survey. Compliance monitors were provided to eligible patients at discharge from the hospital to measure drug intake behavior prospectively for a period of 3 weeks. SETTING Ambulant patient care after(More)
The objective of the study was to investigate patient compliance with two different dosage regimens. Ethinyloestradiol 80 μg daily was prescribed to 35 female outpatients to be taken as 20 μg four times daily or 40 μg twice daily for 7 days. It was given to standardise cervical mucus before a sperm cervical mucus penetration-test (SCMPT) was performed.(More)