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Event-related potentials and ongoing oscillatory electroencephalogram (EEG) activity were measured while subjects performed a cued visual spatial attention task. They were instructed to shift their attention to either the left or right visual hemifield according to a cue, which could be valid or invalid. Thereafter, a peripheral target had to be evaluated.(More)
The exchange of information between the working and long-term memory system (WMS and LTMS) was investigated. We analyzed evoked theta and upper alpha desynchronization in a special memory task, designed to study the transfer of information between both memory systems. The results show that during attempts to retrieve information from the LTMS, evoked theta(More)
Is an increase in theta during retrieval due (primarily) to the access of a stored code or to more general processes? The electroencephalogram was recorded while subjects performed a recognition task with pictures. According to the event-related desynchronization/synchronization method, the percentage of band power changes was calculated during encoding and(More)
Linking observed and executable actions appears to be achieved by an action observation network (AON), comprising parietal, premotor, and occipitotemporal cortical regions of the human brain. AON engagement during action observation is thought to aid in effortless, efficient prediction of ongoing movements to support action understanding. Here, we(More)
This study aims to resolve a paradox. Experiments measuring alpha band power report an event related decrease (desynchronization) in alpha activity, whereas those measuring evoked alpha report synchronization. During a recognition memory task with human subjects, we measured the evoked (phase locked) and induced (not phase locked) alpha response. The(More)
Predicting the actions of other individuals is crucial for our daily interactions. Recent evidence suggests that the prediction of object-directed arm and full-body actions employs the dorsal premotor cortex (PMd). Thus, the neural substrate involved in action control may also be essential for action prediction. Here, we aimed to address this issue and(More)
A large body of evidence suggests that action execution and action observation share a common representational domain. To date, little is known about age-related changes in these action representations that are assumed to support various abilities such as the prediction of observed actions. The purpose of the present study was to investigate (a) how age(More)
We used a novel stimulus set of human and robot actions to explore the role of humanlike appearance and motion in action prediction. Participants viewed videos of familiar actions performed by three agents: human, android and robot, the former two sharing human appearance, the latter two nonhuman motion. In each trial, the video was occluded for 400 ms.(More)
Several studies on the relationship between event-related desynchronization/synchronization (ERD/ERS) and cognitive performance revealed contradictory results particularly for the alpha band. Studies from our laboratory have shown that good performers show a larger upper alpha ERD (interpreted in terms of larger cortical activation) than bad performers. In(More)
Recent research indicates that an increase in theta band power is related to episodic memory performance. In this study with human subjects, the evoked (time locked) and induced (not time locked) theta response is analyzed in a recognition task. The results show a strong evoked theta response during an early retrieval period of up to 400 ms. Only for good(More)