Waltraud Kofer

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Plastids of higher plants operate with at least two distinct DNA-dependent RNA polymerases, which are encoded in the organelle (PEP) and in the nucleus (NEP), respectively. Plastid run-on assays and Northern analyses were employed to analyse gene expression in tobacco mutant plastids lacking the PEP genes rpoA, rpoB or rpoC1. Hybridisation of run-on(More)
Tobacco plants grown in vitro were supplied with a mixture of [U-13C6]glucose and unlabelled sucrose via the root system. After 20 days, leaves were harvested and extracted with water. Glucose was isolated from the extract and was analysed by 13C NMR spectroscopy. All 13C signals appeared as complex multiplets due to 13C-13C coupling. The abundance of 21(More)
Plastids contain a NAD(P)H-plastoquinone-oxidoreductase (NDH complex) which is homologous to the eubacterial and mitochondrial NADH-ubiquinone-oxidoreductase (complex I), but the metabolic function of the enzyme is unknown. The enzyme consists of at least eleven subunits (A-K), which are all encoded on the plastid chromosome. We have mutagenized ndhC and(More)
A favourable combination of genetic features in the genus Oenothera offers access to fundamental biological aspects that are not readily approached with other materials. We have developed protocols for cell and tissue culture as well as for transformation, in order to establish the basis for a comprehensive cell and molecular biology of Euoenothera species,(More)
Fusion of two cytoplasmic male-sterile cultivars of Nicotiana tabacum, one with N. bigelovii cytoplasm and one with N. undulata cytoplasm, resulted in the restoration of male fertility in cybrid plants. All male-fertile cybrids exhibited fused corollas, which is characteristic for the cultivar with N. undulata cytoplasm, while their stamen structures varied(More)
Maca, Lepidium meyenii Walpers (Brassicaceae), is an annual herbaceous plant native to the high plateaus of the Peruvian central Andes. Its underground storage hypocotyls have been a traditional medicinal agent and dietary staple since pre-Columbian times. Reported properties include energizing and fertility-enhancing effects. Published reports have focused(More)
Maca (Lepidium meyenii Walp.) storage hypocotyls have been used since pre-Columbian times by Andean dwellers due to their high nutritional value and energizing properties, which appear to counteract some of the negative physiological effects of high altitudes. Maca has been propelled to the status of highly successful Peruvian export through reports of its(More)
Plastids are surrounded by an envelope consisting of a double membrane. This barrier has to be penetrated or overcome by the DNA when transforming the plastome. Both the biolistic and polyethylene glycol-mediated transformation techniques accomplish this task, albeit by different mechanisms. We were the first laboratory to successfully use the polyethylene(More)
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