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We studied the occurrence of the TTAGG telomere repeats by fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) and Southern hybridization in ten insect species and two other arthropods. (TTAGG)n-containing telomeres were found in three Lepidoptera species, the silkworm Bombyx mori (in which the telomeric sequence was recently discovered), the flour moth Ephestia(More)
We describe SC complements and results from comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) on mitotic and meiotic chromosomes of the zebrafish Danio rerio, the platyfish Xiphophorus maculatus and the guppy Poecilia reticulata. The three fish species represent basic steps of sex chromosome differentiation: (1) the zebrafish with an all-autosome karyotype; (2) the(More)
The Sex-lethal (SXL) protein belongs to the family of RNA-binding proteins and is involved in the regulation of pre-mRNA splicing. SXL has undergone an obvious change of function during the evolution of the insect clade. The gene has acquired a pivotal role in the sex-determining pathway of Drosophila, although it does not act as a sex determiner in(More)
Sex-lethal (Sxl) is Drosophila melanogaster's key regulating gene in the sex-determining cascade. Its homologue in Megaselia scalaris, the chromosome 3 gene Megsxl, codes for a protein with an overall similarity of 77% with the corresponding D. melanogaster sequence. Expression in M. scalaris, however, is very unlike that in D. melanogaster. Megsxl(More)
The (TTAGG)n sequence is supposed to be an ancestral DNA motif of telomeres in insects. Here we examined the occurrence of TTAGG telomeric repeats in other arthropods and their close relatives by Southern hybridization of genomic DNAs and fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) of chromosomes with (TTAGG)n probes or, alternatively, with the 'vertebrate'(More)
Pachytene preparations of the chromosome complement of female larvae of Bombyx mori were improved to give a distinct chromomere pattern of the bivalents suitable for chromosome mapping. Six of the 28 bivalents are described and can be identified regularly in the bivalent complements, among them the bivalent containing the nucleolus organizer. The relative(More)
The W chromosome of the codling moth, Cydia pomonella, like that of most Lepidoptera species, is heterochromatic and forms a female-specific sex chromatin body in somatic cells. We collected chromatin samples by laser microdissection from euchromatin and W-chromatin bodies. DNA from the samples was amplified by degenerate oligonucleotide-primed polymerase(More)
An extra segment in chromosome 1 between bands C5 and D has been found in wild mouse populations. Its size varies between 6.1% and 30.1% of the length of a standard chromosome 1. It differs among individuals and populations but is constant in a genetically homogeneous line. According to its staining properties and variation in length it is a homogeneously(More)
Sex-lethal (Sxl) and doublesex (dsx) are known to represent parts of the sex-determining cascade in Drosophila melanogaster. We generated cDNA probes of the homologous genes from Megaselia scalaris, a fly species with an epistatic maleness factor as the primary sex determining signal. In Northern blot hybridization of poly(A)+ RNA, the M. scalaris dsx probe(More)
The DNA sequence organization of a homogeneously staining region (HSR) in the germ line of Mus musculus was studied with DNA clones generated by microdissection and microcloning. Six HSR-derived microclones were selected and characterized by Southern blot hybridizations. Four represented single-copy mouse DNA sequences. They were amplified in the HSR as(More)