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We studied the occurrence of the TTAGG telomere repeats by fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) and Southern hybridization in ten insect species and two other arthropods. (TTAGG)n-containing telomeres were found in three Lepidoptera species, the silkworm Bombyx mori (in which the telomeric sequence was recently discovered), the flour moth Ephestia(More)
We describe SC complements and results from comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) on mitotic and meiotic chromosomes of the zebrafish Danio rerio, the platyfish Xiphophorus maculatus and the guppy Poecilia reticulata. The three fish species represent basic steps of sex chromosome differentiation: (1) the zebrafish with an all-autosome karyotype; (2) the(More)
Sex-lethal (Sxl) is Drosophila melanogaster's key regulating gene in the sex-determining cascade. Its homologue in Megaselia scalaris, the chromosome 3 gene Megsxl, codes for a protein with an overall similarity of 77% with the corresponding D. melanogaster sequence. Expression in M. scalaris, however, is very unlike that in D. melanogaster. Megsxl(More)
The (TTAGG)n sequence is supposed to be an ancestral DNA motif of telomeres in insects. Here we examined the occurrence of TTAGG telomeric repeats in other arthropods and their close relatives by Southern hybridization of genomic DNAs and fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) of chromosomes with (TTAGG)n probes or, alternatively, with the 'vertebrate'(More)
The Sex-lethal (SXL) protein belongs to the family of RNA-binding proteins and is involved in the regulation of pre-mRNA splicing. SXL has undergone an obvious change of function during the evolution of the insect clade. The gene has acquired a pivotal role in the sex-determining pathway of Drosophila, although it does not act as a sex determiner in(More)
The W chromosome of the codling moth, Cydia pomonella, like that of most Lepidoptera species, is heterochromatic and forms a female-specific sex chromatin body in somatic cells. We collected chromatin samples by laser microdissection from euchromatin and W-chromatin bodies. DNA from the samples was amplified by degenerate oligonucleotide-primed polymerase(More)
Pachytene preparations of the chromosome complement of female larvae of Bombyx mori were improved to give a distinct chromomere pattern of the bivalents suitable for chromosome mapping. Six of the 28 bivalents are described and can be identified regularly in the bivalent complements, among them the bivalent containing the nucleolus organizer. The relative(More)
Sex-lethal (Sxl) and doublesex (dsx) are known to represent parts of the sex-determining cascade in Drosophila melanogaster. We generated cDNA probes of the homologous genes from Megaselia scalaris, a fly species with an epistatic maleness factor as the primary sex determining signal. In Northern blot hybridization of poly(A)+ RNA, the M. scalaris dsx probe(More)
Comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) was used to identify and probe sex chromosomes in several XY and WZ systems. Chromosomes were hybridized simultaneously with FluorX-labelled DNA of females and Cy3-labelled DNA of males in the presence of an excess of Cot-1 DNA or unlabelled DNA of the homogametic sex. CGH visualized the molecular differentiation of(More)
Satellite DNAs (stDNAs) of four Acomys species (spiny-mice), A. cahirinus, A. cineraceus, A. dimidiatus and A. russatus, belong to closely related sequence families. Monomer sizes range from 338 to 364 bp. Between-species sequence identity was from 81.0% to 97.2%. The molecular phylogeny of the sequences helps to clarify the taxonomy of this 'difficult'(More)