Walthard Vilser

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PURPOSE The present study investigated whether age, blood pressure (BP), and baseline vessel diameter influence the retinal arterial response to flicker light. METHOD Thirty healthy subjects (mean age, 46.3; range, 22-73 years) and 15 patients with untreated essential arterial hypertension (mean, 50.9; range, 26-69 years) were examined. The diameter of(More)
The purpose of this study was to measure the hemoglobin oxygenation in retinal vessels and to evaluate the sensitivity and reproducibility of the measurement. Using a fundus camera equipped with a special dual wavelength transmission filter and a color charge-coupled device camera, two monochromatic fundus images at 548 and 610 nm were recorded(More)
OBJECTIVE Stimulation of the retina with flickering light increases retinal vessel diameters in humans. Nitric oxide is a mediator of the retinal vasodilation to flicker. The reduction of vasodilation is considered an endothelial dysfunction. We investigated the response of retinal vessels to flickering light in diabetic patients in different stages of(More)
Longstanding diabetes mellitus results in a disturbed microcirculation. A new imaging oximeter was used to investigate the effect of this disturbance on retinal vessel oxygen saturation. The haemoglobin oxygen saturation was measured in the retinal arterioles and venules of 41 diabetic patients (65 ± 12.3 years) with mild non-proliferative through(More)
OBJECTIVE Flicker light-induced retinal vasodilation may reflect endothelial function in the retinal circulation. We investigated flicker light-induced vasodilation in individuals with diabetes and diabetic retinopathy. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Participants consisted of 224 individuals with diabetes and 103 nondiabetic control subjects. Flicker(More)
PURPOSE Regulation of ocular blood flow might be impaired in glaucoma patients. We compared the reaction of retinal vessels to a short-term increase of intraocular pressure (IOP), using a retinal vessel analyzer (RVA), in normal volunteers, ocular hypertensive patients (OH) and primary open angle glaucoma patients (POAG). METHODS Ten healthy subjects(More)
The present article describes a standard instrument for the continuous online determination of retinal vessel diameters, the commercially available retinal vessel analyzer. This report is intended to provide informed guidelines for measuring ocular blood flow with this system. The report describes the principles underlying the method and the instruments(More)
Retinal Vessel Analysis is a new technique to assess behavior of large retinal vessels based on diameter measurements. The Retinal Vessel Analyzer (RVA) measures continuously on-line obtaining data in relation to time and local position. Possible analysis tools include (a) Time Course Analysis of physiological, pathological, or therapy induced changes; (b)(More)
The Retinal Vessel Analyzer (RVA) is a measuring device for online measurement of the diameter of retinal vessels in relation to time and locations along the vessel. It is furthermore provided with several tools for analyzing the measured data. The fundamental components consist of a fundus camera with CCD measuring camera attached and an advanced(More)
PURPOSE Luminance flicker stimulation of the photoreceptors is known to increase retinal blood flow. Elevated blood velocity was determined using laser Doppler velocimetry, and increased vascular diameters during flicker were observed by measurements with a retinal vessel analyzer. Oxygen supply may be the target of the regulation of retinal blood flow.(More)