Learn More
The NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylase SIRT1 is linked to cellular survival pathways by virtue of keeping the tumor suppressor gene p53 and members of the forkhead transcription factor family deacetylated. To validate SIRT1 as a therapeutic anti-cancer target, we performed immunohistochemistry experiments to study the in vivo expression of SIRT1 in cancer(More)
The nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent protein deacetylase SIRT1 has been linked to fatty acid metabolism via suppression of peroxysome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) and to inflammatory processes by deacetylating the transcription factor NF-kappaB. First, modulation of SIRT1 activity affects lipid accumulation in(More)
The long control region (LCR) of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) has a size of 850 bp (about 12% of the viral genome) and regulates transcription and replication of the viral DNA. The 5' segment of the LCR contains transcription termination signals and a nuclear matrix attachment region, the central segment contains an epithelial cell-specific(More)
The sirtuin family of NAD-dependent histone deacetylases (HDACs) consists of seven mammalian proteins, SIRT1-7. Many of the sirtuin isoforms also deacetylate nonhistone substrates, such as p53 (SIRT1) and α-tubulin (SIRT2). The sirtuin literature focuses on pharmacological activators of SIRT1 (e.g., resveratrol, SRT1720), proposed as therapeutics for(More)
To investigate the consequences of chromatin reconstitution for transcription of the human U6 gene, we assembled nucleosomes on both plasmids and linear DNA fragments containing the U6 gene. Initial experiments with DNA fragments revealed that U6 sequences located between the distal sequence element (DSE) and the proximal sequence element (PSE) lead to the(More)
Pravastatin is a foreign substrate of a sodium-independent transport system for bile acids. The tissue selectivity of pravastatin in inhibiting 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A reductase is due to the uptake via a transport system which exists predominantly in liver cells. Pravastatin competitively inhibits the sodium-independent hepatocellular uptake(More)
The life cycles of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are intimately linked to the differentiation program of infected stratified epithelia, with both viral gene expression and replication being maintained at low levels in undifferentiated basal cells and increased upon host cell differentiation. We recently identified, in HPV-16, a negative regulatory element(More)
Modulation of eukaryotic gene expression is influenced by the organization of regulatory DNA-elements in chromatin. The mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) promoter exhibits regularly positioned nucleosomes that reduce the accessibility of the binding sites for sequence-specific transcription factors, in particular nuclear factor (NF1). Hormonal induction of(More)
Why was the cohort set up? Modern lifestyles and nutritional transition have given rise to an emerging epidemic of obesity and type 2 diabetes in developed and developing countries. 1,2 In general, metabolic compromise is seen in South Asians at relatively lower levels of obesity compared with Europeans, with Chinese having an intermediate relationship,(More)
Integrating the genotype with epigenetic marks holds the promise of better understanding the biology that underlies the complex interactions of inherited and environmental components that define the developmental origins of a range of disorders. The quality of the in utero environment significantly influences health over the lifecourse. Epigenetics, and in(More)