Walter Stünkel

Learn More
The nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+))-dependent protein deacetylase SIRT1 has been linked to fatty acid metabolism via suppression of peroxysome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR-gamma) and to inflammatory processes by deacetylating the transcription factor NF-kappaB. First, modulation of SIRT1 activity affects lipid accumulation in(More)
Two nuclear matrix attachment regions (MARs) bracket a 550-bp segment of the long control region (LCR) containing the epithelial cell-specific enhancer and the E6 promoter of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16). One of these MARs is located in the 5' third of the LCR (5'-LCR-MAR); the other lies within the E6 gene (E6-MAR). To study their function, we(More)
The long control region (LCR) of human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) has a size of 850 bp (about 12% of the viral genome) and regulates transcription and replication of the viral DNA. The 5' segment of the LCR contains transcription termination signals and a nuclear matrix attachment region, the central segment contains an epithelial cell-specific(More)
The NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylase SIRT1 is linked to cellular survival pathways by virtue of keeping the tumor suppressor gene p53 and members of the forkhead transcription factor family deacetylated. To validate SIRT1 as a therapeutic anti-cancer target, we performed immunohistochemistry experiments to study the in vivo expression of SIRT1 in cancer(More)
The sirtuin family of NAD-dependent histone deacetylases (HDACs) consists of seven mammalian proteins, SIRT1-7. Many of the sirtuin isoforms also deacetylate nonhistone substrates, such as p53 (SIRT1) and α-tubulin (SIRT2). The sirtuin literature focuses on pharmacological activators of SIRT1 (e.g., resveratrol, SRT1720), proposed as therapeutics for(More)
Integrating the genotype with epigenetic marks holds the promise of better understanding the biology that underlies the complex interactions of inherited and environmental components that define the developmental origins of a range of disorders. The quality of the in utero environment significantly influences health over the lifecourse. Epigenetics, and in(More)
To investigate the consequences of chromatin reconstitution for transcription of the human U6 gene, we assembled nucleosomes on both plasmids and linear DNA fragments containing the U6 gene. Initial experiments with DNA fragments revealed that U6 sequences located between the distal sequence element (DSE) and the proximal sequence element (PSE) lead to the(More)
A single promoter has so far been found in the long control region (LCRs) of human papillomavirus-16 (HPV-16). Multiple promoters exist in the LCRs of several other papillomaviruses, which are spliced to become mRNAs for late and some early genes. Here we have investigated whether such promoters exist in the LCR of HPV-16. In in vitro transcription(More)
Pravastatin is a foreign substrate of a sodium-independent transport system for bile acids. The tissue selectivity of pravastatin in inhibiting 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl-coenzyme A reductase is due to the uptake via a transport system which exists predominantly in liver cells. Pravastatin competitively inhibits the sodium-independent hepatocellular uptake(More)
The life cycles of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are intimately linked to the differentiation program of infected stratified epithelia, with both viral gene expression and replication being maintained at low levels in undifferentiated basal cells and increased upon host cell differentiation. We recently identified, in HPV-16, a negative regulatory element(More)