Walter Seifert

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We have generated a hybridoma cell line secreting a monoclonal antibody that specifically binds to the surfaces of oligodendrocytes and Schwann cells, the cells involved in myelin formation in the central and peripheral nervous systems, respectively. Binding studies using purified sphingolipids showed that this antibody reacts strongly with(More)
Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a type of active oxygen species produced mainly in blood by inflammation, ischemia or anoxia. Treatment of rat neonatal cortical astrocytes in culture with 0.2-1.0 mM H2O2 which is lethal for hippocampal neurons, increases nerve growth factor (NGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) mRNA content in a time dependent manner.(More)
Rat hippocampal slices were incubated with neuraminidase from Vibrio Cholerae. This enzyme liberates sialic acid from polysialogangliosides converting them into monosialoganglioside GM1. Thus, the tissue is enriched in GM1 content. Another set of slices was incubated with GM1 itself. Both treatments increased the magnitude of potentiation of synaptic(More)
Induction of the jun-B and/or c-jun transcription factors is part of the immediate early response to diverse stimuli that induce alterations in cellular programs. While c-jun is a protooncogene whose expression is required for induction of cell proliferation, jun-B has recently been found to be induced by stimuli inducing differentiation in various cell(More)
The dependence of 3[H]-L-glutamate uptake on the presence of sodium, chloride, or calcium ions or on a combination of the three was investigated in astrocyte primary cultures. A stimulating effect on glutamate uptake by each of the ions tested was found. In addition to the comparably small effect by calcium alone, calcium exhibits a synergistic effect on(More)
The effect of glutamate on primary cultures of rat cortical astrocytes was studied using Northern blot hybridization. Incubation with glutamate (100 microM, 15 min) induced nerve growth factor (NGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), FGF receptor (FGF-R1) and proto-oncogene c-fos gene expression in a time dependent manner. Maximal induction of NGF,(More)
The enzyme 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNPase, EC 3.1.4.37) occurs not only in myelin fractions and glial cells, but can also be shown to be present in a CNS cell line of neuronal origin (B104). Direct immunofluorescence microscopy of B104 cells with fluorescein isothiocyanate-conjugated rabbit anti-CNPase antibodies shows a discrete and(More)
Changes in ganglioside composition, biosynthesis and individual distribution were studied in hippocampal regions after unilateral destruction of the entorhinal cortex. After 1 and 3 days postlesion (dpl), a decrease in ganglioside content was detected in area dentata (AD) and pyramidal cell regions CA1-CA3 (CA), both ipsilateral and contralateral to the(More)