Walter Schirmacher

Learn More
The lack of long-range structural order in amorphous solids induces well known thermodynamic anomalies, which are the manifestation of distinct peculiarities in the vibrational spectrum. Although the impact of such anomalies vanishes in the long wavelength, elastic continuum limit, it dominates at length scales comparable to interatomic distances, implying(More)
PACS. 03.65Sq – Quantum mechanics: Semiclassical theories and applications. PACS. 05.45+b – Theory and models of chaotic systems. PACS. 72.20−i – Conductivity phenomena in semiconductors and insulators. Abstract. – We investigate the semiclassical scattering amplitude for systems, where the classical dynamics is non-hyperbolic, i.e. where islands of KAM(More)
The local elasticity of glasses is known to be inhomogeneous on a microscopic scale compared to that of crystalline materials. Their vibrational spectrum strongly deviates from that expected from Debye's elasticity theory: The density of states deviates from Debye's law, the sound velocity shows a negative dispersion in the boson-peak frequency regime and(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o Available online xxxx We present measurements of the vibrational spectrum of a binary niobium-phosphate glass in the THz frequency range using inelastic neutron and Raman scattering. The spectra of these glasses show a low-frequency enhancement of the vibrational density of states (" boson peak "). Using a recently developed theory of(More)
The nonexponential closed-time distributions observed for ionic channels have been explained recently by quasi-one-dimensional models of structural diffusion (Millhauser, G. L., E. E. Salpeter, and R. E. Oswald. 1988. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 85: 1503-1507; Condat, C. A., and J. Jäckle. 1989. Biophys. J. 55: 915-925; Levitt, D. G. 1989. Biophys. J. 55:(More)
Localized states trap waves propagating in a disordered potential and play a crucial role in Anderson localization, which is the absence of diffusion due to disorder. Some localized states are barely coupled with neighbours because of differences in wavelength or small spatial overlap, thus preventing energy leakage to the surroundings. This is the same(More)
We investigate the high-frequency behavior of the density of vibrational states in three-dimensional elasticity theory with spatially fluctuating elastic moduli. At frequencies well above the mobility edge, instanton solutions yield an exponentially decaying density of states. The instanton solutions describe excitations, which become localized due to the(More)
Magnetic properties of thin composite films, consisting of non-interacting polystyrene-coated γ-Fe(2)O(3) (maghemite) nanoparticles embedded into polystyrene-block-polyisoprene P(S-b-I) diblock-copolymer films are investigated. Different particle concentrations, ranging from 0.7 to 43 wt%, have been used. The magnetization measured as a function of external(More)
Raman gain for all-optical amplification depends significantly on the cross section for spontaneous Raman scattering. We present measurements of the Raman spectrum of binary niobium-phosphate glasses in the frequency range from 5 – 1300 cm-1. The spectra of these glasses show a low-frequency enhancement of the vibrational density of states ('Boson peak')(More)