Walter Scandale

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The projected lifetime of the LHC low-beta quadrupoles, the evolution of the statistical error halving time, and the physics potential all call for an LHC luminosity upgrade by the middle of the coming decade. In the framework of the CARE-HHH network three principal scenarios have been developed for increasing the LHC peak luminosity by more than a factor(More)
The projected lifetime of the LHC low-beta quadrupoles and evolution of the statistical error halving time call for an LHC luminosity upgrade by the middle of the coming decade. In the framework of the EU CARE-HHH network, two scenarios have been developed for increasing the LHC peak luminosity by a factor 10, to 10 35 cm −2 s −1 (" sLHC "). Both scenarios(More)
LHC upgrade studies are ongoing as part of the EU CARE-HHH and of the US-LARP programmes. The aim is a tenfold increase of the LHC luminosity by the middle of next decade, a possible upgrade of the injector complex to inject at 1 TeV and, at a later stage, to raise the collider energy. The motivations for the LHC upgrade are discussed. An overview of beam(More)
The volume reflection phenomenon was detected while investigating 400 GeV proton interactions with bent silicon crystals in the external beam H8 of the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron. Such a process was observed for a wide interval of crystal orientations relative to the beam axis, and its efficiency exceeds 95%, thereby surpassing any previously observed(More)
Beam deflection due to axial channeling in a silicon crystal bent along the 111 axis was observed with 400 GeV/c protons at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron. The condition for doughnut scattering of protons by the atomic strings of the crystal was attained. Such a condition allowed one to observe a beam deflection of 50 murad with about 30% efficiency. The(More)
The trend of volume reflection parameters (deflection angle and efficiency) in a bent (110) silicon crystal has been investigated as a function of the crystal curvature with 400 GeV/c protons on the H8 beam line at the CERN Super Proton Synchrotron. This Letter describes the analysis performed at six different curvatures showing that the optimal radius for(More)
Using channeling in a 5-mm crystal with bending angle of 0.65 mrad, a record high efficiency, over 60%, of particle extraction from accelerator was achieved. The extracted beam intensity was up to 5.2×10 11 protons per spill of ∼0.5 s duration. Also, the first proof-of-principle experiment on 'crystal collimation' was performed where crystal-serving as a(More)