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The structure and products of the two cistrons encoding the Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin (LT) were studied. The LT deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) region had been isolated as part of a DNA fragment from the plasmid P307, and this fragment was joined to the cloning vector pBR313. Deletion mutations of various lengths were introduced into the LT DNA region(More)
The gene coding for the Escherichia coli enzyme 7,8-dihydro-6-hydroxymethylpterin-pyrophosphokinase has been cloned and sequenced. This gene, designated folK, codes for a protein of 159 amino acids, including an amino-terminal methionine. The protein was overexpressed in E. coli MC4100 by cloning the gene behind the lacUV5 promoter in a high-copy-number(More)
Cholera toxin (CT) and the Escherichia coli heat-labile toxin (LT) are functionally, structurally and immunologically similar enterotoxins. Both toxins cause the elevation of cyclic AMP levels in gut epithelial cells by catalysing the NAD-dependent ADP ribosylation of membrane proteins. Each toxin is composed of two dissimilar subunits. The A subunit has an(More)
Because of the intimate role of caspase-8 in apoptosis signaling pathways from FAS, TNFR1, and other death receptors, the enzyme is a potentially important therapeutic target. We have generated an Escherichia coli expression construct for caspase-8 in which a His-tag sequence is inserted ahead of codon 217 of caspase-8. The strain produced a significant(More)
Our group and others have recently demonstrated the ability of recombinant baculoviruses to transduce mammalian cells at high frequency. To further characterize the use of baculovirus as a mammalian gene delivery system, we examined the status of transduced DNA stably maintained in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Four independent clones carrying two(More)
Hybridoma-derived monoclonal antibodies were raised to enterotoxins of the cholera family and to chimeric B-subunit proteins in which individual amino acid residues of a heat-labile, cholera-related enterotoxin from an Escherichia coli strain of porcine origin (P-LT) were substituted with corresponding residues from such an enterotoxin from an E. coli(More)
The genes encoding the heat-labile toxin of Escherichia coli were isolated by recombinant DNA methods from enterotoxigenic E. coli recovered from a human and a piglet with diarrhea. With restriction endonucleases, a fine-structure map was made for the toxin genes. Both genes were found to be highly homologous within the toxin-coding DNA, but the surrounding(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the LT-BH cistron (eltBH) from an enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli strain infectious for humans was determined and compared with the LT-B cistron sequence from a porcine E. coli isolate. Both cistrons were shown to comprise 375 nucleotide base pairs, and discrepancies were detected at eight positions. Of the nonhomologous base(More)
The Escherichia coli gene coding for dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS) has been cloned and sequenced. The protein has 282 amino acids and a compositional molecular mass of 30,314 daltons. Increased expression of the enzyme was realized by using a T7 expression system. The enzyme was purified and crystallized. A temperature-sensitive mutant was isolated and(More)
PURPOSE Although the effects of thermogenic agents in cell culture can be measured by direct microcalorimetry, only a few samples can be analyzed over several hours. In this report, we describe a robust non-invasive technique to measure real-time thermogenesis of cells cultured in microtiter plates using infrared thermography. METHODS Yeast were(More)