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BACKGROUND Laparoscopic appendectomy through a single umbilical incision is an emerging approach supported by several case series. However, to date, prospective comparative data are lacking. Therefore, we conducted a prospective, randomized trial comparing single site umbilical laparoscopic appendectomy to 3-port laparoscopic appendectomy. METHODS After(More)
PURPOSE Management of empyema has been debated in the literature for decades. Although both primary video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and tube thoracostomy with pleural instillation of fibrinolytics have been shown to result in early resolution when compared to tube thoracostomy alone, there is a lack of comparative data between these modes of(More)
Variceal bleeding remains a common cause of morbidity for children with both intrahepatic and extrahepatic portal hypertension. Occasionally, patients referred for liver transplant evaluation have significant variceal bleeding, despite adequate synthetic liver function. During a 7-year period, 322 children were referred for liver transplant evaluation. Six(More)
INTRODUCTION Perforated appendicitis is a common condition in children, which, in a small number of patients, may be complicated by a well-formed abscess. Initial nonoperative management with percutaneous drainage/aspiration of the abscess followed by intravenous antibiotics usually allows for an uneventful interval appendectomy. Although this strategy has(More)
INTRODUCTION Appendicitis is the most common emergency condition in children. Historically, a 3-drug regimen consisting of ampicillin, gentamicin, and clindamycin (AGC) has been used postoperatively for perforated appendicitis. A retrospective review at our institution has found single day dosing of ceftriaxone and metronidazole (CM) to be a more simple and(More)
BACKGROUND Children with esophageal foreign bodies are frequently seen by pediatric surgeons. Choking and dysphagia are common presentations; however, esophageal perforation has been reported. Historically, rigid esophagoscopy with extraction of the foreign body has been the recommended treatment. Alternatively, Foley balloon extraction is a safe and(More)
OBJECTIVE Patency of the hepatic artery in patients with liver transplants is evaluated with duplex Doppler sonography. In many centers, loss of an arterial waveform in the liver hilum is an indication for immediate arteriography to confirm the presence of hepatic artery thrombosis. We describe the findings in four children with liver transplants in whom(More)
INTRODUCTION In a previous prospective randomized trial, we found a once-a-day regimen of ceftriaxone and metronidazole to be an efficient, cost-effective treatment for children with perforated appendicitis. In this study, we evaluated the safety of discharging patients to complete an oral course of antibiotics. METHODS Children found to have perforated(More)
INTRODUCTION Laparoscopic fundoplication (LF) is rapidly replacing open fundoplication (OF) for correcting symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux (GER) in infants and children. In this study, we compared various clinical and financial parameters to determine if one technique is superior. METHODS With Institutional Review Board approval, charts and charge(More)
Presented neuropsychological data from 20 patients between the ages of 4 and 9 years, who had undergone liver transplantation at least 12 months prior to study participation, and compared them to a control group of 20 children with cystic fibrosis. The liver transplant group showed deficits in VIQ, PIQ, visual-spatial and abstraction/reasoning skills, but(More)