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The purpose of this study was to investigate the biomechanics of cross-country sit-skiing in simulated and natural skiing. Thirteen international level athletes participated in a ski ergometer test (simulated conditions) and a test on snow in a ski-tunnel (natural conditions) using their personal sit-ski. Tests in both conditions were performed at(More)
Various orthotic devices generally employed for therapy of ankle sprain were tested under functional conditions. The experimental setup comprised inversion stimuli of 20 and 30 degrees (13 subjects) while standing on a tiltplatform as well as running movements of 8 and 12 km.h-1 on a treadmill (12 subjects). Ankle joint displacements were registered(More)
Enhancement of muscle stretch following isometric contraction has been thought to occur as a result of inhibitory reflex mechanisms. Experiments with electrical stimulation (H-reflex) have demonstrated maximal H-reflex suppression during force relaxation followed by gradual recovery over the following 20 s. There has been considerable speculation as to(More)
The recovery behaviour of mechanically evoked stretch responses was investigated. Stimuli which promoted identical dorsiflexing movements around the ankle joint were applied to ten subjects in two positions, seated and upright. The experimental sets comprised single as well as double dorsiflexing displacements. In the latter the stimuli were elicited for(More)
The force-length relationship of the human muscle-tendon complex (MTC) of the triceps surae and the achilles tendon was investigated in various stretch load conditions. Six male subjects performed various vertical jumps with maximal effort: squat jumps (SJ), counter movement jumps (CMJ) and drop jumps (DJ) from a height of 24 cm, 40 cm and 56 cm. The(More)
BACKGROUND Retraining walking in patients after hip or knee arthroplasty is an important component of rehabilitation especially in older persons whose social interactions are influenced by their level of mobility. The objective of this study was to test the effect of an intensive inpatient rehabilitation program on walking speed and gait symmetry in(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) contraction is integrated in neuromuscular activation in upper body muscles during double poling in cross-country skiing. Thirteen elite skiers performed double poling roller-skiing at increasing treadmill velocities of 9, 15, 21, 27 km h(-1) and their individual maximal(More)
Since trunk function plays a major role in propulsion in sit-skiers and athletes belonging to distinct classes have different abilities to control trunk muscles, the aim of this study is to evaluate how athletes personalized their skiing strategy to compensate their impairment and improve skiing effectiveness. Sixteen Paralympic sit-skiers belonging to(More)
Purpose of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of 4D rasterstereography under dynamic conditions. Therefore simulated anatomical fixed points on a wooden plate were measured during different movements. Seven different motion patterns in all three angles of space were evaluated. The simulated parameter trunk length was measured with an(More)
PURPOSE Leg length inequalities (LLIs) can result in an increased energy consumption, abnormal gait or osteoarthritis of the hip. In a previous study we simulated different LLIs of up to 15 mm and evaluated their effects on the pelvic position and spinal posture. We found a correlation between LLIs and resulting changes of the pelvic position. Despite(More)