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The accuracy of computed tomography, electroencephalography, and clinical features in the differential diagnosis of senile dementia was studied prospectively. Out of 50 demented patients, autopsy revealed 32 cases with either senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type (SDAT), multi-infarct dementia (MID), or a combination of both. Eighteen patients had(More)
  • W O Seiler
  • 1999
Malnutrition in ill elderly subjects is one of the most common and at the same time least heeded problems in hospitals, nursing homes, and home care. Depending on the type and composition of the group of patients under consideration, the prevalence of malnutrition is cited at up to 60%. The elderly eat considerably smaller amounts of food than the young and(More)
The prevalence of anemia increases with age and is frequently multifactorial. We postulated that malnutrition contributes to anemia in the elderly and is underdiagnosed. Our objective was to analyze the prevalence of anemia and its association with nutritional status in a hospitalized geriatric population. Included in this retrospective cohort study were(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiac surgery is frequently followed by postoperative delirium, which is associated with increased 1-year mortality, late cognitive deficits, and higher costs. Currently, there are no recommendations for pharmacologic prevention of postoperative delirium. Impaired cholinergic transmission is believed to play an important role in the development(More)
The objective of this report is to investigate whether smoking exerts any influence on the number of senile plaques and Alzheimer neurofibrillary tangles. A retrospective study was based on unselected consecutive autopsy findings on the brains of 301 patients aged 65 years or older examined at the Institute of Pathology, Basel. Brains were investigated(More)
Cultured epidermal cells of explants from decubitus ulcer edges showed significant (P less than 0.05) decreased maximal growth rate (range, 1.3-15.6%) and decreased area of outgrowth per explant (mean and SD, 1.6 +/- 1.7 mm2) when compared with explants obtained 4-5 cm distant from the ulcer edge (range, 46.7-68.8% and 4.6 +/- 2.7 mm2, respectively) and(More)
In 1992 people aged 65 years and over represented 11.9% (men) and 17.2% (women) of the Swiss population, and in 2000 the average 65-year-old man or woman can expect to live about 12 more years. Old age is characterized by multimorbidity, an accumulation of chronic conditions and diseases, and by social isolation. Multimorbidity and isolation (living alone)(More)
Continuous 72-h polygraphic recordings were carried out in 30 hospitalized, mostly severely demented patients and 14 nondemented control patients. Mean age was greater than 80 years in both groups. In the dementia group, the diagnoses were senile dementia Alzheimer type (n = 16), multi-infarct dementia (n = 8), and mixed or undefined dementia (MIX) (n = 6).(More)
Pressure is a crucial factor in the formation of decubitus ulcers. To elucidate the effect of imposed skin pressure, a new cutaneous oxygen sensor was used to measure the skin oxygen tension under increasing pressure upon skin tissue at "hard sites" (bony prominences) and at "soft sites" (muscle-padded areas). At hard sites the skin oxygen tension fell(More)