Walter Leitner

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The Ustilaginaceae family of smut fungi, especially Ustilago maydis, gained biotechnological interest over the last years, amongst others due to its ability to naturally produce the versatile bio-based building block itaconate. Along with itaconate, U. maydis also produces 2-hydroxyparaconate. The latter was proposed to be derived from itaconate, but the(More)
Supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) acts simultaneously as solvent and temporary protecting group during homogeneously rhodium-catalyzed hydroaminomethylation of ethyl methallylic amine. Cyclic amines are formed as the major products in scCO,, whereas the cyclic amide is formed preferentially in conventional solvents. Multinuclear high-pressure NMR(More)
A new and environmentally benign protocol for enzymatic reactions in ionic liquids is described using supercritical CO2 as the mobile phase; the products are obtained in solvent-free form and the enzyme/ionic liquid mixture can be recycled in batchwise or continuous flow operations.
Electroenzymatic syntheses combine oxidoreductase-catalysed reactions with electrochemical reactant supply. The use of ionic liquids as performance additives can contribute to overcoming existing limitations of these syntheses. Here, we report on the influence of different water-miscible ionic liquids on critical parameters such as conductivity, biocatalyst(More)
The mechanism of bifunctional activation in the asymmetric aza-Baylis-Hillman (aza-BH) reaction was studied using NMR spectroscopic techniques. The reaction involves rate-limiting proton transfer in the absence of added protic species, but exhibits no autocatalysis. Brønsted acidic additives lead to substantial rate enhancements through acceleration of the(More)
Carbon dioxide in its liquid or supercritical state (scCO(2)) has a prodigious potential as an environmentally benign reaction medium for sustainable chemical synthesis. Since the mid-1990s, rapidly increasing research efforts have shown that scCO(2) can replace conventional and potentially hazardous solvents in a wide range of processes. There is also(More)