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Light microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, various histochemical procedures for the localization of mineral ions, and analytical electron microscopy have been used to investigate the mechanisms inherent at the mantle edge for shell formation and growth in Amblema plicata perplicata, Conrad. The multilayered(More)
The scanning electron microscope has been used to describe the morphology of the mature shell in a fresh-water bivalve. The structure of the organic and inorganic components within the nacre, the myostracum, and the prismatic layer is described. A transitional or intermediate zone, interposed between the prismatic layer and the nacre, was identified. In(More)
The structure of the periostracum in the fresh-water mussel Amblema has been described using light microscopy, transmission elec;ron microscopy, and scanning electron microscopy. The structure and evolutive course of the periostracum was studied along its entire length, from the periostracal groove until it forms the tough outer covering of the shell. At(More)
The scanning electron microscope has been used to describe the surface morphology of the mantle in mantle-shell preparations from the fresh-water mussel Amblema. In some regions (adductor muscle insertions), the mantle is firmly attached to the shell. In other areas (along the main course of the mantle), transient adhesions between the outer mantle(More)
Periodontal soft tissues were cleaved from freshly extracted human teeth. Tissues were then prepared for subsequent biochemical and morphological studies according to the following plan: 1) immediate immersion in liquid nitrogen for the biochemical assay of superoxide dismutase (SOD); 2) immediate fixation prior to routine preparation for routine(More)
Ubiquitin was localized by immunofluorescence microscopy during post-mating histolysis of fibrillar flight muscle in female fire ants, Solenopsis spp. Normal muscles, as well as histolysing muscles from artificially inseminated and haemolymph-injected females contained ubiquitin in association with nuclei, Z-lines, myofilaments and mitochondria. However,(More)
Developmental craniofacial anomalies related to the neural crest derived ectomesenchymal cell population are associated with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Information regarding any potential relationship between ethanol, free radicals, and the viability, proliferation, etc., of isolated neural crest cells was sought. The hypersensitivity of neural crest(More)
Biochemical studies on brown adipose tissue removed from a hibernating black bear and a non-hibernating control animal demonstrate that this tissue: (1) can carry out cyanide-insensitive fatty acid oxidation, and (2) possesses catalase activity and the enzyme activities unique to the glyoxylate cycle, isocitrate lyase and malate synthase. These activities(More)
Peroxisomes were identified in chondrocytes from all zones of the mammalian epiphyseal growth plate by using light microscopic techniques for the cytochemical demonstration of catalase, the marker enzyme for these organelles. Additional cytochemistry showed the presence of malate-synthase-positive structures within the chondrocytes. The latter enzyme, also(More)