Walter Krause

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Deletions of the DAZ gene family in distal Yq11 are always associated with deletions of the azoospermia factor c (AZFc) region, which we now estimate extends to 4.94 Mb. Because more Y gene families are located in this chromosomal region, and are expressed like the DAZ gene family only in the male germ line, the testicular pathology associated with complete(More)
We have developed a rapid screening protocol for deletion analysis of the complete AZFa sequence (i.e. 792 kb) on the Y chromosome of patients with idiopathic Sertoli-cell-only (SCO) syndrome. This Y deletion was mapped earlier in proximal Yq11 and first found in the Y chromosome of the SCO patient JOLAR, now designated as the AZFa reference patient. We now(More)
Antisperm antibodies (ASA) in the male cause an autoimmune disease 'immune infertility'. It has to be clarified whether each antibody binding to an antigen, which is identified on the sperm surface, also influences sperm function. In the past, the clinical interest in ASA was hampered by the fact that a standardized assay for the detection of ASA was(More)
The human Y chromosome is unique in that it does not engage in pairing and crossing over during meiosis for most of its length. Y chromosome microdeletions, a frequent finding in infertile men, thus occur through intrachromosomal recombination, either within a single chromatid or between sister chromatids. A recently identified polymorphism associated with(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this pilot study was to evaluate the impact of a 6-month cognitive-behavioral therapy for infertile couples. METHODS Seventeen idiopathic infertile couples participated in a therapy program comprised of modules to behaviorally optimize the chance of conception, improve sexual functioning and satisfaction, reduce thoughts of(More)
Between 1989 and 1992 meiotic chromosome studies and synaptonemal complex analyses were evaluated using light and, in part, electron microscopy in 46 infertile males with highly abnormal spermiograms. This examination focused on whether the breakdown of spermatogenesis could be attributed to pairing anomalies of bivalents. The study of meiotic chromosomes(More)
The presence, distribution and spatial arrangement of vimentin-type intermediate filaments in Sertoli cells from human testis biopsies, were studied in semithin and ultrathin sections using a polyclonal rabbit antiserum. At the ultrastructural level, vimentin immunoreactivity was seen concentrated around the nuclei, along fibrillary material within the(More)
In this prospective clinical study, 892 patients with normal and impaired semen were examined in order to investigate the correlation between the concentration of fibronectin in seminal plasma and the motility of spermatozoa. The fibronectin concentration in seminal plasma, total sperm motility and linear sperm motility were measured. We report here a(More)
Semen analysis was performed by employing a computer-assisted semen analysis (CASA) system (SM-CMA), in comparison with visual estimation by microscope. There was a significant relationship between the values obtained by both methods, but a large range of differences in individual values was observed. Results of semen analysis in 407 men complaining of(More)
Antisperm antibodies (ASA) are the main cause of immunological infertility, as they impair sperm function by binding to the sperm membrane. In this study, we isolated highly enriched sperm membrane proteins by two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis. Isoelectric focusing, as a first dimension, was performed on precast DryStrip IPG 4-7. The second dimension(More)