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Recently, contamination of sensor-operated faucets (SOFs) with Pseudomonas aeruginosa was observed. To evaluate odds ratios, we conducted a case-control study in which handle-operated faucets served as controls. No statistically significant difference in P. aeruginosa counts was observed between SOFs and regular faucets in our study (odds ratio, 0.0; 95%(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the decontamination capacity of 4 different types of cleaning cloths (microfiber cleaning cloth, cotton cloth, sponge cloth, and disposable paper towels) commonly used in hospital in their ability to reduce microbial loads from a surface used dry or wet in new condition. All of the cloths except disposable(More)
Nosocomial or hospital-acquired infections (NIs) are a frequent complication in hospitalized patients. The growing availability of computerized patient records in hospitals permits automated identification and extended monitoring for signs of NIs. A fuzzy- and knowledge-based system to identify and monitor NIs at intensive care units (ICUs) according to the(More)
OBJECTIVE Expert surveillance of healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) is a key parameter for good clinical practice, especially in intensive care medicine. Assessment of clinical entities such as HCAIs is a time-consuming task for highly trained experts. Such are neither available nor affordable in sufficient numbers for continuous surveillance(More)
OBJECTIVES This study determined excess mortality and length of hospital stay (LOS) attributable to bloodstream infection (BSI) caused by third-generation-cephalosporin-resistant Escherichia coli in Europe. METHODS A prospective parallel matched cohort design was used. Cohort I consisted of patients with third-generation-cephalosporin-resistant E. coli(More)
OBJECTIVES To establish the concentration of isopropanol that exerts the same immediate and sustained effects as n-propanol 60% v/v in surgical scrubbing, and to assess the performance of the test method proposed as the European standard in parallel experiments. DESIGN Isopropanol at concentrations of 70%, 80%, and 90% v/v was tested in comparison with(More)
In this prospective, randomized study, we evaluated whether a closed suctioning (CS) system (TrachCare) influences crossover contamination between bronchial system and gastric juices when compared with an open suctioning system (OS). The secondary aims were an analysis of the frequency of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and an analysis of alteration(More)
A prospective, randomized double-blind study with intra-individual comparison of the results was undertaken with 20 volunteers to assess the influence of cosmetic additives on the acceptability of a mixture of n-propanol (50% v/v) and isopropanol (30% v/v) for hand disinfection. Three to 5 ml of antiseptic was rubbed into the hands until dry 15 times a day,(More)
Two modes of combining spontaneous breathing and mechanical ventilation are already in use: periodic mechanical support always followed by a period of spontaneous breathing (intermittent mandatory ventilation; IMV) and mechanical support of each spontaneous breath (inspiratory assistance; IA). Biphasic positive airway pressure (BIPAP), in contrast, is based(More)
Controlled parallel experiments were performed on the Vienna test model for the evaluation of procedures for hygienic hand-disinfection in three laboratories (Vienna, Mainz, Birmingham). The degerming activity of four procedures, each taking 1 min, was assessed repeatedly and compared with that of a standard disinfection procedure (ST) using isopropanol 60%(More)