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Phospholipase C-beta (PLC-beta) isozymes are key effectors in G protein-coupled signaling pathways. Previously, we showed that PLC-beta1 and PLC-beta3 bound immobilized PIP(3). In this study, PIP(3) was found to potentiate Ca(2+)-stimulated PLC-beta activities using an in vitro reconstitution assay. LY294002, a specific PI 3-kinase inhibitor, significantly(More)
Phospholipase C-beta (PLC-beta) isozymes (EC 3.1.4.11) hydrolyze the membrane phospholipid phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate to generate intracellular second messenger signaling molecules inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and diacylglycerol (DAG) in response to receptor activation and other cellular stimuli. PLCbeta1 and PLCbeta3 isozymes were(More)
The first step in the transmembrane signal mediated by G protein-coupled receptors is binding of agonist to receptors at the cell surface. The mechanism of the resulting receptor activation is not clear, but models based on the ternary complex model are capable of explaining most of the observations that have been reported in G protein-coupled receptors.(More)
Bcl11b is a transcription factor that, within the hematopoietic system, is expressed specifically in T cells. Although Bcl11b is required for T-cell differentiation in newborn Bcl11b-null mice, and for positive selection in the adult thymus of mice bearing a T-cell-targeted deletion, the gene network regulated by Bcl11b in T cells is unclear. We report(More)
Myosins are actin-based molecular motors that may have specialized trafficking and contractile functions in cytoskeletal compartments that lack microtubules. The postsynaptic excitatory synapse is one such specialization, yet little is known about the spatial organization of myosin motor proteins in the mature brain. We used a proteomics approach to(More)
Transcription factors comprise just over 7% of the human proteome and serve as gatekeepers of cellular function, integrating external signal information into gene expression programs that reconfigure cellular physiology at the most basic levels. Surface-initiated cell signaling pathways converge on transcription factors, decorating these proteins with an(More)
Phospholipase C-beta (PLC-beta) isoenzymes are key effectors in G protein-coupled signaling pathways. Prior research suggests that some isoforms of PLC-beta may exist and function as dimers. Using coimmunoprecipitation assays of differentially tagged PLC-beta constructs and size-exclusion chromatography of native PLC-beta, we observed homodimerization of(More)
The transcriptional regulatory protein Bcl11b is essential for T-cell development. We have discovered a dynamic, MAPK-regulated pathway involving sequential, linked, and reversible post-translational modifications of Bcl11b in thymocytes. MAPK-mediated phosphorylation of Bcl11b was coupled to its rapid desumoylation, which was followed by a subsequent cycle(More)
The relationship between porcine m2 muscarinic receptor coupling to inhibition of cAMP formation and stimulation of phosphatidylinositol metabolism in Chinese hamster ovary cells was examined. Reduction of the number of receptors per cell with the slowly dissociating antagonist (-)-quinuclidinyl benzilate caused a decrease in maximal response with no effect(More)
Double mutant cycles provide a method for analyzing the effects of a mutation at a defined position in the protein structure on the properties of an amino acid at a second site. This approach was used to map potential interactions between aspartates 69, 97, and 103 in the m2 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor transmembrane helices 2 and 3. Receptors(More)