Learn More
We report the mRNA and protein expression levels of human biglycan (BGN) in patients with different numbers of sex chromosomes. BGN maps to the distal long arm of the X chromosome, band Xq28, near the second pseudoautosomal region. BGN expression levels are reduced in 45,X Turner patients and increased in patients with additional sex chromosomes. This is(More)
The GGGGCC-hexanucleotide repeat expansion in C9orf72 is the most common genetic cause of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia. This study determined the frequency of C9orf72 repeat expansions in different motor neuron diseases (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), motor neuron diseases affecting primarily the first or the(More)
To elucidate the function of the FMR1 gene, we applied RNA in situ hybridization to cryosections of mice from different developmental stages. The murine Fmr-1 was found transcribed in a ubiquitous manner with an expression pattern similar to glyceraldehyd phosphate dehydrogenase, Gapdh, which was used as a control gene. A significant difference in the Fmr-1(More)
DNA in situ hybridization with human chromosome specific DNA libraries was applied to compare the karyotypes of humans (Homo sapiens, 2n = 46) and cats (Felis catus, 2n = 38). For the autosomes alone, 30 segments of conserved synteny were revealed. The arrangement of these segments in the feline karyotype differs by only seven single chromosome breaks and(More)
Using cross-species chromosome painting, we have carried out a comprehensive comparison of the karyotypes of two Ellobius species with unusual sex determination systems: the Transcaucasian mole vole, Ellobius lutescens (2n = 17, X in both sexes), and the northern mole vole, Ellobius talpinus (2n = 54, XX in both sexes). Both Ellobius species have highly(More)
BACKGROUND SOX9 mutations cause the skeletal malformation syndrome campomelic dysplasia in combination with XY sex reversal. Studies in mice indicate that SOX9 acts as a testis-inducing transcription factor downstream of SRY, triggering Sertoli cell and testis differentiation. An SRY-dependent testis-specific enhancer for Sox9 has been identified only in(More)
Alleles of the CAG and the GGC repeat in the first exon of the human androgen receptor (AR) gene have been shown to be associated with the risk of (advanced) prostate cancer. These studies had been carried out in the United States. We have analysed these polymorphisms in a French-German collection of 105 controls, 132 sporadic cases, and a sample of(More)
The Y chromosomal gene Sry encodes a putative transcription factor which appears to serve as a master switch initiating testicular development. Here we show that this gene is transcribed in hypothalamus, midbrain, and testis of adult male but not adult female mice. In contrast to its circular transcripts in adult testis, those in brain are linear and may be(More)
The GSH-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase (FDH) is the most important enzyme for the metabolic inactivation of formaldehyde. We studied three polymorphisms of this gene with the intention to elucidate their relevance for inter-individual differences in the protection against the (geno-)toxicity of FA. The first polymorphism (rs11568816) was investigated(More)